生物多样性 ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (2): 119-122.doi: 10.17520/biods.1999017

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

秦巴山区蝗虫群落多样性研究

廉振民, 梁沛   

  1. (陕西师范大学动物研究所,  西安 710062)
  • 收稿日期:1997-12-21 修回日期:1998-11-02 出版日期:1999-05-20

The diversity of grasshopper communities in Qinling-Bashan Mountainous Region

LIAN Zhen-Min, LIANG Pei   

  1. Institute of Zoology , Shaanxi Normal University , Xi’an ,  710062
  • Received:1997-12-21 Revised:1998-11-02 Online:1999-05-20

作者于1995~1997年对秦巴山区蝗虫资源进行了调查。采用Shannon-Wiener提出的多样性指数(H')公式、Pielou提出的均匀度(E)公式及Simpson提出的优势度(C)公式,计算群落的多样性、均匀度和优势度。结果表明,不同地区、不同生境、不同海拔高度及不同月份,秦巴山区蝗虫群落的物种数目、多样性指数值、均匀度及优势度指数值均有明显差异。这主要与蝗虫的生物学特性直接有关,另外也受到环境因素的影响。

Shannon-Wiener’s diversity index ( H′) , Pielou’s evenness( E) and dominance( C) were calculated for the grasshopper communities in the Qinling-Bashan Mountainous Region. The results show that the number of species ,values of diversities , evenness and dominance are distinctly different among different regions ,habits ,the altitudes and the months. These phenomena are mainly related to the characteristics of the grasshoppers and the environments variation.

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