生物多样性 ›› 2007, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (6): 687-692.doi: 10.1360/biodiv.070080

所属专题: 植物与传粉者相互作用

• 论文 • 上一篇    

野生蜜蜂及其传粉作用的研究现状

李捷1, 朱朝东2*φ , 王凤鹤3, 黄敦元2, 4, 张彦周2, 丁亮2, 黄海荣2, 5   

  1. 1 (山西农业大学, 太谷 030801)
    2 (中国科学院动物研究所, 北京 100101)
    3 (北京市农林科学院农业科技信息研究所, 北京 100089)
    4 (安徽师范大学生命科学学院, 芜湖 241000)
    5 (北京林业大学省部共建森林培育与保护重点实验室, 北京 100083)
  • 出版日期:2007-11-20

Current research on the status of wild bees and their pollination roles

Jie Li1 , Chaodong Zhu2*φ , Fenghe Wang3, Dunyuan Huang2, 4, Yanzhou Zhang2, Liang Ding2, Hairong Huang2, 5   

  1. 1 Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu 030801
    2 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3 Institute of Information on Agricultural Science and Technology, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry, Beijing 100089
    4 College of Biology, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241000
    5 The Key Laboratory for Silviculture and Conservation of the Ministry of Education, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
  • Online:2007-11-20

传粉是维持与提升生物多样性的重要生态过程。膜翅目蜜蜂总科昆虫是自然界中最重要的传粉者, 但对野生蜜蜂的研究一直以来非常薄弱, 如野生蜜蜂类群的资源调查、种类的准确鉴别、营巢生物学与传粉生物学研究等方面。目前, 生物多样性与保护生物学方面的工作越来越多地涉及野生蜜蜂与植物的相互关系, 地方植物区系与农林作物的传粉生物学基础研究与应用项目也引起重视。本文综述了国内外野生蜜蜂的研究现状, 期望从分类学、营巢生物学与传粉生物学等方面推动野生蜜蜂传粉在农林业生产实践中的应用。

Pollination has been recognized to be an important ecological process to maintain and promote biodiversity on earth. The order Hymenoptera, especially the superfamily Apoidea, is one of the most abundant and diverse groups among natural pollinators. However, studies on the ecological functions of wild bee pollinators have been underappreciated in China. More professional taxonomists are urgently needed to sur-vey fauna, to provide accurate identifications and to do comprehensive studies. Our understanding of nesting biology or pollination biology is not comprehensive for most wild bees. On the other side, much more atten-tion should be paid to the associations between bees and plants for their application to various projects on pollination biology, biodiversity or conservation biology in the future. We review current research on the status of wild bees, and we anticipate further applications to practices in agriculture and forestry with infor-mation from taxonomy, nesting biology and pollination biology of wild bees.

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