生物多样性 ›› 2000, Vol. 08 ›› Issue (3): 307-311.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2000043

所属专题: 红树林

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

海南清澜港红树林湿地鸟类初步研究

邹发生,宋晓军,陈康,梁勇,许达宏   

  1. 1 (华南濒危动物研究所, 广州 510260)
    2 (海南省林业局, 海口 570206)
    3 (清澜港红树林自然保护区, 文昌 573320)
  • 收稿日期:1999-08-07 修回日期:2000-05-14 出版日期:2000-08-20 发布日期:2000-08-20

A preliminary study on avian ecology in mangrove wetland of Qinglangang, Hainan

ZOU Fa-Sheng, SONG Xiao-Jun, CHEN Kang, LIANG Yong, XU Da-Hong   

  1. 1) South China Institute of Endangered Animals , Guangzhou  510260
    2) Hainan Forestry Bureau , Haikou  570206
    3) Qinglangang Mangrove Nature Reserve , Wenchang  573320
  • Received:1999-08-07 Revised:2000-05-14 Online:2000-08-20 Published:2000-08-20

摘要:

记录到清澜港红树林湿地鸟类52种,隶属于19科9目。其中水鸟31种,陆生鸟类21种;留鸟29种,迁徙鸟类23种。在这些鸟类中有国家二级保护鸟类3种,中日候鸟协定名录中的鸟类17种,中澳候鸟协定名录中的鸟类18种。清澜港鸟类物种数量存在季节变化,无论是从总的鸟类种类看,还是从水鸟种类看,都是以冬季鸟类种数最多,而夏季鸟类种数最少,年变化趋势是:冬季>秋季>春季>夏季。鸟类物种数量季节变化的最重要原因是迁徙鸟类的周年变化。不同栖息地的食物条件和滩涂面积不同,鸟类的组成和数量也不同。本文还对清澜港鸟类的多样性进行了分析。

AbstractThis paper reported the results of avian survey in mangrove wetland of Qinglangang. Fifty two species of birds were recorded , belonging to 19 families , nine orders. Of them , 23 species were migratory birds , 29 resident birds ; 31 were waterbirds and 21 terrestrial birds. Three species were listed as national second-class protected birds , 17 species listed in the Sino-Japan Migratory Birds Protection Agreement , 18 species lised in Sino-Australia Migratory Birds Protection Agreement . Number of birds varied with seasons. The number of bird species as a whole and waterbird species were the most in winter and the least in summer. The annual trend of species number was exhibited in this order : winter > autumn > spring > summer. Migratory birds affected the annual fluctuation of bird species. The composition and number of birds varied with food condition and area of habitats. This paper also discussed the status of avian diversity in Qinglangang Reserve.