生物多样性 ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (3): 189-196.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1999029

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

可持续经营框架下阔叶红松林区生物多样性间接评价体系的研究

臧润国,朱春全,雷静品,金铁山   

  1. (中国林业科学研究院森林生态环境与保护研究所,北京 100091)
    (中国林业科学研究院林业研究所,北京 100091)
    (中国林业科学研究院黑龙江分院,哈尔滨 150040)
  • 收稿日期:1998-08-20 修回日期:1999-01-27 出版日期:1999-08-20 发布日期:1999-08-20

An indirect assessment system for biodiversity in the Korean pine-broadleaved forest region under the framework of sustainable forest management

ZANG Run-Guo,ZHU Chun-Quan, LEI Jing-Pin,JIN Tie-Shan   

  1. 1) Institute of Forest Ecology and Environmental Conservation , Chinese Academy of Forestry ,Beijing  100091
    2) Institute of Forestry ,Chinese Academy of Forestry ,Beijing  100091
    3) Heilongjiang Branch ,Chinese Academy of Forestry , Harbin  150040
  • Received:1998-08-20 Revised:1999-01-27 Online:1999-08-20 Published:1999-08-20

摘要:

森林生物多样性的保护和持续利用是森林可持续经营的重要内容,如何快速有效地评价生物多样性是当前森林经营实践中面临的重要问题。本文以可持续发展为指导思想,针对阔叶红松林区森林可持续经营中的生物多样性保护问题,提出了一套生物多样性间接评价的体系和评价方法。生物多样性间接评价的基本原理是以物种与生境的关系、森林自然干扰状况、物种间的相互关系和对特殊生境及敏感物种的考虑等为基础的。依据阔叶红松林区的干扰状况、林分一般状况、立木层、灌木层、草本层、附生植物和藤本植物等的特点,采用重复累加的方法,制定了阔叶红松林区林分生物多样性间接评价的打分表。在一个森林经营单位(林业局或林场)进行生物多样性的保护时,首先应根据不同森林类型对干扰的适应和抵抗力大小确定对各类森林优先保护的次序,然后再在各类森林的不同小班中进行生物多样性间接评价打分表的填写,最后根据不同小班生物多样性得分的多少确定其保护的等级或先后次序。生物多样性间接评价调查可以结合森林经理调查来进行。

AbstractConservation and sustainable utilization of biodiversity is one of the most important work in sustainable forest management . One of the challenges in the practice of sustainable forest management is how to assess biodiversity quickly and effectively. Under the framework of sustainable development , this paper dealt with biodiverdity assessment for sustainable forest management in the Korean pine-broadleaved forest region. An indirect assessment system and method was proposed. It was mainly based on the principles of relationships between species and habitats , natural disturbance regimes , the interactions among species , special habitats , and vulnerable species. On the basis of characteristics of disturbance regimes , general conditions of forest stands , tree layer , shrub layer , herbaceous layer , vines , and epiphytes in the Korean pine2broadleaved forest region , a table for field recording of indirect biodiversity assessment in subcompartments was made using the repetition accumulation method. When making plans for biodiversity conservation for a forest management unit such as forestry bureau or forest farm , we should firstly make conservation priority for different forest types according to the resistance and adaptability of forest to disturbances. We then make field record for subcompartments of different forest types ,and determine the conservation priority and correspondent measures for different subcompartments. The field indirect record for biodiversity can be combined with forest management inventory.