生物多样性 ›› 2007, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 312-318.DOI: 10.1360/biodiv.070071

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

保护行为学: 正在兴起的保护生物学分支学科

李春旺1,2,蒋志刚1,2*,张恩权3,古远1,2,4   

  1. 1 (中国科学院动物研究所, 北京 100101)
    2 (中国科学院动物生态与保护生物学重点实验室, 北京 100101)
    3 (北京动物园, 北京 100044)
    4 (中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049)
  • 出版日期:2007-05-20 发布日期:2007-05-20

Conservation Behavioral Science, a new branch of Conservation Biology

Chunwang Li 1, 2, Zhigang Jiang 1, 2*, Enquan Zhang 3 , Yuan Gu 1, 2, 4   

  1. 1 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2 Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    3 Beijing Zoo, Beijing 100044
    4 Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Online:2007-05-20 Published:2007-05-20

摘要: 过去的30年里, 人们利用动物行为的进化生物学方法来解决保护实践中遇到的问题, 行为学、行为生态学与保护生物学相结合, 产生了保护生物学的一个新分支学科——保护行为学。保护行为学的研究目的是: 从物种保护实践中发现环境对动物行为的影响以及行为的生态适应性, 并把动物行为学和行为生态学理论应用到物种保护实践中, 从而促进物种保护工作。目前全球有10%的物种濒临灭绝, 生物多样性保护日趋紧迫, 保护行为学的诞生为行为学和保护生物学研究带来了新的机遇, 也表明行为学家和保护生物学家正在担负起挽救濒危物种的使命。不久的将来, 保护行为学及其相关学科将更加繁荣。

Abstract: Conservation Behavioral Science, a new branch of Conservation Biology, is emerging due to participation of animal behaviorist in conservation practice and the integration of Behavioral Science and Conservation Biology. During the past 30 years, people have become convinced that animal conservation needs the knowledge of ethology. Scientists have applied evolutionary biology of animal behavior to solve problems in conservation practice. The aims of Conservation Behavioral Science include: to find the effects of environmental factors on animal behavior, to understand ecological adaptation of animal behavior, and to improve the effectiveness of conservation practice. Nowadays, 10% species in the world are close to extinc-tion and saving biodiversity is considered urgent. As a new branch of Conservation Biology, Conservation Behavioral Science also exploits new directions of animal behavior study and behavioral ecology. Thus, Conservation Behavioral Science brings new opportunity to Behavioral Ecology and Conservation Biology. We believe that Conservation Behavioral Science and its related subjects will prosper more in the future.