Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 804-807.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14178

Special Issue: On Species Catalogue of China

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Monitoring birds and mammals through camera traps in Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang

Tancheng Dong1, 2, Hongjun Chu1, 2, 3(), Hongpan Wu1, 2, Yuan Wang3, Yan Ge2, Lan Bu2   

  1. 1 College of Animal Science, Xinjiang Agricultural University, Urumqi 830052
    2 Altay Management Station, Mt. Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Altay, Xinjiang 836500
    3 College of Resources and Environment Sciences, Xinjiang University, Urumqi 830046
  • Received:2014-08-26 Accepted:2014-11-27 Online:2014-12-11

Table 1

Camera trapping effort and photograhic rate at 12 watering holes in Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang in 2013"

水源地 Watering hole 总计
Total
S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 S7 S8 S9 S10 S11 S12
相机工作日 Camera trapping days 44 612 14 84 154 348 161 232 89 96 10 162 2,006
照片总数 Total photos 2,913 6,706 1,009 4,480 3,400 11,498 1,841 5,482 4,111 921 2,451 4,818 49,630
动物照片总数 Animal photos 2,564 1,521 675 3,922 311 5,436 1,440 4,083 3,712 179 2,393 1,932 28,170
独立照片总数 Independent photos 172 606 215 669 102 1,215 374 681 280 75 179 225 4,793
兽类照片总数 Mammal photos 2,554 653 638 3,908 298 3,892 694 3,941 3,709 127 2,357 855 23,626
兽类独立照片数 Independent mammal photos 170 294 189 663 92 996 123 616 278 52 167 108 3,748
鸟类照片总数 Bird photos 10 694 37 0 13 275 91 62 3 5 36 86 1,312
鸟类独立照片数 Independent bird photos 2 269 26 0 10 114 62 39 2 5 12 28 569
家畜照片总数 Livestock photos 0 174 0 14 0 1,269 655 80 0 47 0 991 3,230
家畜独立照片数 Independent livestock photos 0 43 0 6 0 105 189 26 0 18 0 89 476
物种数 Number of species 6 29 11 4 10 15 14 14 5 7 3 10 44
兽类物种数 Number of mammal species 4 6 3 4 4 3 5 6 3 4 2 3 8
鸟类物种数 Number of bird species 2 23 8 0 6 12 9 8 2 3 1 7 36
拍摄率 Photographic rate 3.91 0.99 15.36 7.96 0.66 3.49 2.32 2.94 3.15 0.78 17.90 1.39 2.39

Fig. 1

Species composition at each watering hole in Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang"

List of birds and mammals captured by camera traps at 12 watering holes in Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang in 2013. http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-178-1.pdf"

物种 Species 水源地 Watering holes 独立照片数 No. of photos 相对丰富度
RAI (%)
兽类 Mammals
奇蹄目 Perissodactyla
马科 Equidae
蒙古野驴 Equus hemionus S1、S2、S3、S4、S5、S6、S7、S8、S9、S10、S11、S12 2,752 57.42
普氏野马 Equus przewalskii S1、S4、S7、S8、S9、S10、S12 659 13.75
偶蹄目 Artiodactyla
牛科 Bovidae
鹅喉羚 Gazella subgutturosa S2、S4、S5、S6、S8、S9、S10 95 1.98
盘羊 Ovis ammon S1、S11 13 0.27
食肉目 Carnivora
犬科 Canidae
Canis lupus S1、S2、S3、S7、S8 31 0.65
赤狐 Vulpes vulpes S2、S3、S5、S6、S7、S8、S10、S12 61 1.27
猫科 Felidae
猞猁 Lynx lynx S2、S8 3 0.06
兔形目 Lagomorpha
兔科 Leporidae
草兔 Lepus capensis S2、S4、S5、S7 134 2.8
鸟类 Birds
隼形目 Falconiformes
鹰科 Accipitridae
金雕 Aquila chrysaetos S1、S2、S6、S12 6 0.13
草原雕 Aquila nipalensis S12 1 0.02
靴隼雕 Hieraaetus pennatus S2、S12 2 0.04
棕尾鵟 Buteo rufinus S6、S8、S10 4 0.08
毛脚鵟 Buteo lagopus S6、S8 13 0.27
普通鵟 Buteo japonicus S2、S5、S6、S7、S8、S10、S12 74 1.54
大鵟 Buteo hemilasius S2、S3、S6 3 0.06
秃鹫 Aegypius monachus S1、S3、S8、S9 4 0.08
雀形目 Passeriformes
鹡鸰科 Motacillidae
黄头鹡鸰 Motacilla citreola S2、S5 43 0.9
黄鹡鸰 Motacilla tschutschensis S2、S3、S6、S12 47 0.98
灰鹡鸰 Motacilla cinerea S2 7 0.15
白鹡鸰 Motacilla alba S2、S3、S6 25 0.52
田鹨 Anthus rufulus S7 1 0.02
伯劳科 Laniidae
灰伯劳 Lanius excubitor S2、S6 14 0.29
棕尾伯劳 Lanius phoenicuroides S2 12 0.25
雀科 Passeridae
蒙古沙雀 Rhodopechys mongolica S2、S3、S6、S7、S12 26 0.54
黄嘴朱顶雀 Carduelis flavirostris S2 2 0.04
树麻雀 Passer montanus S7 3 0.06
鹟科 Muscicapidae
沙? Oenanthe isabellina S2、S5、S6 12 0.25
漠? Oenanthe deserti S8 1 0.02
白顶? Oenanthe pleschanka S2 1 0.02
欧亚鸲 Erithacus rubecula S2 1 0.02
欧亚红尾鸲 Phoenicurus phoenicurus S2、S3 2 0.04
鸫科 Turdidae
黑颈鸫 Turdus atrogularis S3、S5、S6 11 0.23
椋鸟科 Sturnidae
粉红椋鸟 Sturnus roseus S2 11 0.23
岩鹨科 Prunellidae
领岩鹨 Prunella collaris S7 1 0.02
燕科 Hirundinidae
毛脚燕 Delichon urbicum S10 3 0.06
百灵科 Alaudidae
角百灵 Eremophila alpestris S5 1 0.02
鸻形目 Charadriiformes
鹬科 Scolopacidae
红脚鹬 Tringa totanus S2 2 0.04
白腰草鹬 Tringa ochropus S2、S3 5 0.1
鸻科 Charadriidae
金眶鸻 Charadrius dubius S2、S7 77 1.61
鸥科 Laridae
黑浮鸥 Chlidonias niger S8 2 0.04
鸽形目 Columbiformes
沙鸡科 Pteroclidae
毛腿沙鸡 Syrrhaptes paradoxus S2、S5、S6、S7、S8、S9、S12 51 1.07
鸡形目 Galliformes
雉科 Phasianidae
石鸡 Alectoris chukar S2、S11 15 0.31
鹤形目 Gruiformes
秧鸡科 Rallidae
长脚秧鸡 Crex crex S7 1 0.02
雁形目 Anseriformes
鸭科 Anatidae
赤麻鸭 Tadorna ferruginea S2、S7、S8 85 1.78
家畜 Livestock S2、S4、S6、S7、S8、S10、S12 476 9.93

Fig. S1

Important mammals and birds recorded from camera traps at 12 watering holes in Mount Kalamaili Ungulate Nature Reserve, Xinjiang . http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-178-2.pdf"

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