Biodiversity Science ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 779-784.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.14177

Special Issue: On Species Catalogue of China

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Using camera trap to investigate animal diversity in Hunan Gaowangjie National Nature Reserve

Fang Liu1, Xiujiang Su2, Diqiang Li1(), Benzhong Wang3, Ziliang Zhang3   

  1. 1. Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment, and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Environment, State Forestry Administration, Beijing 100091
    2. Administration Bureau of Hunan Baiyunshan National Nature Reserve, Baojing, Hunan 416500
    3. Administration Bureau of Hunan Gaowangjie National Nature Reserve, Guzhang, Hunan 416300
  • Received:2014-08-26 Accepted:2014-11-27 Online:2014-12-11

Fig. 1

Location of Gaowangjie National Nature Reserve and sites for infra-red triggered cameras"

Table 1

Number of species, photographic rate and diversity index of animals captured by infra-red cameras at different categories or grade of environment variables in Gaowangjie National Nature Reserve."

环境变量
Variables
相机位点数
No. of
sites
相机日
Camera
days
物种数
No. of
species
照片数
No.of
photos
拍摄率
Photo
capture rate
Shannon-
Wiener
指数(H)
季节 Season
春季 Spring 43 3,256 34 936 28.75 3.46
夏季 Summer 34 1,969 30 491 24.94 3.51
秋季 Autumn 14 599 21 128 21.37 3.86
冬季 Winter 10 582 11 65 11.17 2.34
海拔 Elevation (m)
200-400 9 1,182 17 446 37.73 2.69
400-600 17 2,088 26 530 25.38 3.59
600-800 11 1,289 23 196 15.21 3.18
800-1,000 13 1,847 31 448 24.26 3.89
植被类型 Vegetation
常绿阔叶林 Evergreen broad-leaved forest 10 1,567 22 398 25.40 3.08
落叶阔叶林 Deciduous broad-leaved forest 17 1,983 25 632 31.87 3.31
常绿落叶阔叶混交林
Evergreen and deciduous mixed broad-leaved forest
6 475 11 95 20.00 1.88
针阔混交林
Broad-leaved and coniferous mixed forest
4 404 14 75 18.56 2.61
针叶林 Conifer 12 1,903 33 415 21.81 3.95
灌丛 Shrub 1 74 2 5 6.76 0.72
公路密度 Road density
低 Low (47-60) 11 1,398 27 440 31.47 3.98
中 Medium (60-70) 16 2,963 30 623 21.03 3.73
高 High (70-86) 23 2,045 25 557 27.24 2.85
居民点密度 Village density
低 Low (800-1,300) 20 3,081 35 829 26.91 3.98
中 Medium (1,300-1,800) 27 3,128 27 761 24.33 2.98
高 High (1,800-2,300) 3 197 9 30 15.23 2.57

Table S1

List of mammals and birds captured by camera traps in Gaowangjie National Nature Reserve (2012-2013) http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-177-1.pdf"

物种
Species
濒危等级
Endangerment
category
位点数量
Number of sites
照片数量
Number of photos
拍摄率
Capture rate
兽类 Mammals
偶蹄目 Artiodactyla
鹿科 Cervidae
毛冠鹿 Elaphodus cephalophus NT 14 36 0.56
猪科 Suidae
野猪 Sus scrofa 4 4 0.06
食肉目 Carnivora
灵猫科 Viverridae
花面狸 Paguma larvata 29 151 2.36
小灵猫 Viverricula indica II 1 2 0.03
猫科 Felidae
豹猫 Prionailurus bengalensis Appendix II 9 12 0.19
鼬科 Mustelidae
猪獾 Arctonyx collaris NT 31 142 2.22
鼬獾 Melogale moschata 8 22 0.34
黄腹鼬 Mustela kathiah 5 10 0.16
黄鼬 Mustela sibirica 2 2 0.03
啮齿目 Rodentia
鼠科 Muridae
白腹巨鼠 Leopoldamys edwardsi 23 401 6.26
松鼠科 Sciuridae
赤腹松鼠 Callosciurus erythraeus 9 21 0.33
鼹形鼠科 Spalacidae
银星竹鼠 Rhizomys pruinosus 1 1 0.02
中华竹鼠 Rhizomys sinensis 1 1 0.02
鸟类 Birds
鸡形目 Galliformes
雉科 Phasianidae
灰胸竹鸡 Bambusicola thoracica 10 23 0.36
红腹锦鸡 Chrysolophus pictus II 15 81 1.26
勺鸡 Pucrasia macrolopha II, NT 1 1 0.02
白颈长尾雉 Syrmaticus ellioti I, Appendix I, NT 26 67 1.05
?形目 Piciformes
啄木鸟科 Picidae
灰头绿啄木鸟 Picus canus 8 10 0.16
雀形目 Passeriformes
八色鸫科 Pittidae
仙八色鸫 Pitta nympha 3 3 0.05
鹎科 Pycnonotidae
黄臀鹎 Pycnonotus xanthorrhous 1 1 0.02
鸫科 Turdidae
白眉鸫 Turdus obscurus 1 3 0.05
灰翅噪鹛 Garrulax cineraceus 3 19 0.30
灰翅鸫 Turdus boulboul 1 2 0.03
灰头鸫 Turdus rubrocanus 2 2 0.03
虎斑地鸫 Zoothera dauma 31 262 4.09
画眉科 Timaliidae
斑胸钩嘴鹛 Pomatorhinus gravivox 4 14 0.22
棕颈钩嘴鹛 Pomatorhinus ruficllisi 4 7 0.11
鹡鸰科 Motacillidae
树鹨 Anthus hodgsoni 1 4 0.06
鹟科 Muscicapidae
紫啸鸫 Myophonus caeruleus 13 151 2.36
红胁蓝尾鸲 Tarsiger cyanurus 7 24 0.37
鹀科 Emberizidae
栗耳鹀 Emberiza fucata NT 1 1 0.02
鸦科 Corvidae
松鸦 Garrulus glandarius 7 14 0.22
红嘴蓝鹊 Urocissa erythrorhyncha 11 19 0.30
燕雀科 Fringillidae
燕雀 Fringilla montifringilla 1 1 0.02
莺科 Sylviidae
灰头鸦雀 Paradoxornis gularis 1 3 0.05
幽鹛科 Pellorneidae
灰眶雀鹛 Alcippe davidi 4 4 0.06
噪鹛科 Leiothrichidae
画眉 Garrulax canorus Appendix II, NT 1 3 0.05
黑领噪鹛 Garrulax pectoralis 22 94 1.47
红嘴相思鸟 Leiothrix lutea Appendix II, NT 2 2 0.03

Fig. S1

Representative mammals and birds recorded from camera traps in the Gaowangjie National Nature Reserve http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/PDF/w2014-177-3.pdf"

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