Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 627-635.doi: 10.17520/biods.2018047

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Discussion and recommendation regarding the spelling of Chinese names of plant taxonomists

Lingli Deng1, 2, Cheng Du2, Shuai Liao3, Jinshuang Ma2, *()   

  1. 1 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234
    2 Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences; Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 201602
    3 School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241
  • Received:2018-02-09 Accepted:2018-03-27 Online:2018-09-11
  • Ma Jinshuang
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Before the Chinese phonetic alphabet of Hanyu Pinyin was officially adopted, Chinese plant taxonomists recorded in early literature were mainly based on the Wade-Giles system, but also contained a variety of historical phonetic systems. In addition, scholars were accustomed to abbreviating when recording names in the literature, caused various problems in the spelling of author’s names used from history to modern times, particularly when querying Chinese scholar’s work in databases. This paper briefly reviews the phonetic systems used in the early times of Chinese plant taxonomy and summarizes the transformation rules of Wade-Giles and Hanyu Pinyin. Based on related records of all Chinese botanical literature and authors indices, combined with international websites and databases of plant taxonomy, we integrate a more complete information table on Chinese plant taxonomists by spellings. Based on statistical analysis of related information, we fully discuss encountered problems. From past to now, the problems in the spelling author’s names are: (1) Phenomenon of non-standardization in historical records; (2) Phenomenon of confusion in recognition and use of different phonetic systems; (3) Inconsistency in the ordering, capitalization, connection symbols of double names and abbreviations in modern spelling. Finally, we propose recommendations that apply to the Chinese spelling of authors names and their citations.

Key words: plant taxonomists, name spelling, Wade-Giles system, Hanyu Pinyin

Table 1

Non-standard names spelling: missing entries, extra and error"

Non-Hanyu Pinyin
Name in Hanyu Pinyin
1 Lin, Pang-jun;
Lin, Pan-juan
林邦娟 LIN BangJuan “ju[a]n”和“Pan[g]”漏写“a”和“g”。
Missing the phonetic alphabet of “a” in the “ju[a]n”
and “g” in the “Pan[g]”.
Fu, 1993;
Chen et al, 1993
2 Chang, Ting-chien 张廷桢 ZHANG TingZhen “ch[i]en”中多写了“i”。An extra “i” in “ch[i]en”. Chen et al, 1993
3 Huang, Chʻi-wang 黃溪旺 HUANG XiWang Chʻi错误, 应是Hsi。Use “Hsi” intead of “Chʻi”. Walker, 1960

Table 2

The phenomenon of lost the aspirated symbol [ʻ] and the diaeresis on ü"

Non-Hanyu Pinyin
Name in Hanyu Pinyin
1 Chiao, Tsêng-chien 乔曾鉴
QIAO ZengJian
Lost the aspirated symbol [ʻ] in the “Ch[ʻ]iao”.
Chen et al, 1993
2 Chiao, Chi-yuen 焦启源
Lost the aspirated symbol [ʻ] in the “Ch[ʻ]i”.
Fu, 1993;
Chen et al, 1993
3 Chen, Chun-yu 陈俊愉
Lost the diaeresis on ü in the “Chun”.
Chen et al, 1993
4 Chien, Chia-chu 钱家驹
“Ch[ʻ]ien”省略了送气符号, “Chu”省略了“ü”上的附加符号。
Lost the aspirated symbol [ʻ] in the “Ch[ʻ]ien” and lost the diaeresis
on ü in the “Chu”.
Chen et al, 1993

Table 3

Phonetic habits affected by dialects"

Non-Hanyu Pinyin
Name in Hanyu Pinyin
1 Chang, Che-yung 张泽荣
“泽”字读音错误; “荣”字方言发音。
Wrong pronunciation in the “Che”; Use dialect in the “yung”.
Fu, 1993;
Chen et al, 1993
2 Ho, Lei-wei 何乃维 HE NaiWei “乃”字方言发音。Use dialect in the “Lei”. Walker, 1960
3 Law, Yuh-wu 刘玉壶 LIU YuHu “刘”字和“壶”字方言发音。Use dialect in the “Law” and “wu”. Fu, 1993;
Chen et al, 1993

Table 4

Incorrect combination of multiple factors"

Non-Hanyu Pinyin
Name in Hanyu Pinyin
1 Chang, Ben-neng 张本能
Mixed form of Wade-Giles System [Chang] and Hanyu Pinyin [Ben].
Fu, 1993;
Chen et al, 1993
2 Hsü, Yun-chun 徐永椿
XU YongChun
Missing the phonetic alphabet of “g” in the “Yun[g] ” and lost the aspirated symbol in the “ch[ʻ]un”.
Walker, 1960
3 Chang, King-tang 张金谈
“king”是法国远东学院拼音, “tang”省略了送气符并且多写“g”。
“King” is the form of “Jing” in the EFEO romanization system, lost the aspirated symbol [ʻ] and extra “g” in the “t[ʻ]an[g] ”.
Chen et al, 1993
4 Chang, Kwang-chu 张光初
ZHANG GuangChu
“kwang”为耶鲁拼音, “ch[ʻ]u”缺少送气符号。
“Kwang” is the form of “Kuang” in the Yale Romanization or Gwoyeu Romatzyh with tone 2, lost the aspirated symbol [ʻ] in the “ch[ʻ]u”.
Chen et al, 1993
5 Chang, Man-siang 张满祥
ZHANG ManXiang
威妥玛式[Chang], 华语通用拼[siang]。
Mixed form of Wade-Giles System [Chang] and Tongyong Pinyin [siang].
Fu, 1993;
Chen et al, 1993
6 Aur, Chin-wen 敖志文
AO ZhiWen
“aur”为古罗马字的注阳平声调的形式; 错写“Chin”, 应该是“Chih”。
“aur” is the form of “ao” in the Gwoyeu Romatzyh with tone 2, use “Chih” instead of “Chin”.
Fu, 1993
7 Liew, Fah-seong 刘华祥
LIU HuaXiang
“Liew”是马来西亚拼法, “Fah”是“Fa”的古罗马字注音去声声调,
“Liew” is the form of “Liu” in Bahasa Malaysia, “Fah” is the form of “Fa” in the Gwoyeu Romatzyh with tone 4, “seong” is Southern Min dialect.
Chen et al, 1993;

Table 5

The phenomenon of multiple names for one person"

姓名 1
Name in Non-Hanyu Pinyin
Name in Hanyu Pinyin
姓名 2
Name in Non-Hanyu Pinyin
Name in Hanyu Pinyin
1 赵良能
Chao, Liang-neng
ZHAO LiangNeng
Chao, Nen
Fu, 1993
2 曲桂龄
Ch’ü, Kuei-ling
QU GuiLing
Ch’ü, Chung-hsiang
QU ZhongXiang
Chen et al, 1993
3 汪振儒
Wang, Chên-ju
Wang, Yen-chieh
Walker, 1960;
Fu, 1993
4 董爽秋
Tung, Shuang-ch’iu
DONG ShuangQiu
Tong, Koe-yang
Dong GuiYang
Walker, 1960

Table 6

Corrigendum among the same and different monographs"

Recorded name
Canonical name
1 张绍芸/云
Chang, Shao-yun
Chang, Shao-yun
P422, P722 Chen et al, 1993
2 陈炯崧/松
Chen/Chen, Chiung-sung
Chen, Chiung-sung
Chen et al, 1993;
Walker, 1960
3 李鸣岗/冈
Li, Ming-kang;
Lee, Min-kan
Li, Ming-kang
P139, P238
Hu, 2005;
Walker, 1960
4 蔡磐/盘生
Choi O. S.
Choi O. S.
P62, P400 Fu, 1993
5 黄济/齐望
Huang, Chi-wang
Huang, Chi-wang
P419, P123 Walker, 1960
6 乐崇/宗熙
Yueh, Chung-hsi;
Yueh, Chun-hsi
Yueh, Chʻung-hsi
P11, P183 Fu, 1993
7 赵哲/启明
Chao, Jew-ming
Chao, Jew-ming
“qi” is similar to “zhe” when they are written in traditional Chinese characters
Chen et al, 1993
8 林寶/寬樹
Lin, Pao-shu
Lin, Pao-shu
“bao” is similar to zhe” when they are written in traditional Chinese characters
Walker, 1960
9 阮/苑希中
Yuan, Hsi-chung
Juan, Hsi-chung
可能是依据方言先误写了拼音, 然后输入了错误的字。
The error may have been caused by a dialect.
Walker, 1960
10 薛/薜纪如
Hsüeh/Pi, Chi-ju
Hsüeh, Chi-ju
字形相似而误识, 后致拼音也写成了“Pi” (“Bi”的威妥玛写法)。
The error may have been caused by similar traditional Chinese characters.
Walker, 1960
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