Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (10): 1137-1143.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017177

• Forum • Previous Article    

Investigation of the current trade situation of alien vertebrate species in China and analysis of corresponding management strategies

Meng Meng1, 2, Jianzhang Ma1, *(), Feng Yin2, Wenhui Chen3, Jianwei Ji4   

  1. 1 College of Wildlife Resources, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040
    2 China Wildlife Conservation Association, Beijing 100714
    3 School of Economics & Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083;
    4 Beijing Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation Center, Beijing, 100029;
  • Received:2017-06-13 Accepted:2017-10-20 Online:2018-05-05
  • Ma Jianzhang

This research surveyed the current situation on the trade of alien species in pet markets in Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Guangzhou, and Harbin, in order to systematically understand the trade scale, to prevent the ecological disasters with alien species, and to develop effective management policies. The investigation was undertaken in 20 pet markets in five cities using the key survey and on-the-spot investigation methods. Results are as follows: (1) 96 alien wildlife species were recorded, among which 29 were threatened species, accounting for 30%, and 35 were CITES Appendix species, accounting for 36%. (2) The highest number of alien species and IUCN red listed species were found in Beijing. However, the greatest number of species found in the local survey and the number of species included in CITES Appendix I / II were found in Guangzhou. (3) The trade volume of 41% of species and 61% of CITES Appendix species were less than 10. (4) The trade prices of 45% of species were between 100 and 1,000 RMB, which was the acceptable price range for most consumers. According to this study, important measures must be undertaken to strengthen trade supervision, combat illegal trade, regulate behavior of animal releasing, and raise public awareness on controlling the trade of alien wildlife in Chinese pet markets.

Key words: wildlife, alien species, trade type, trade scale, trade price

Table 1

Species and quantity of alien wildlife species in different cities"

No. of species
No. of the species only found in the city
No. of species over Near Threatened in IUCN
No. of species in CITES
Appendix I/ II
北京 Beijing 47 24 13 9
广州 Guangzhou 38 26 11 18
上海 Shanghai 28 8 10 4
哈尔滨 Harbin 24 7 9 1
南京 Nanjing 10 1 3 6

Table 2

Number distribution of alien wildlife species in investigation"

Level of trade volume
No. of species
No. of species in CITES Appendix I/II (%)
< 10只 39 (41) 20 (61)
10-100只 24 (25) 3 (9)
100-1,000只 31 (32) 10 (30)
>1,000只 2 (2) 0 (0)

Table 3

The species recorded in IUCN Red List"

Endangered level
Number of species
极危 Critically Endangered 4 4
濒危 Endangered 4 4
易危 Vulnerable 13 14
近危 Near Threatened 8 8
无危 Least Concern 51 53
未评估 Not evaluated 16 17
合计 Total 96 100

Table 4

The species recorded in CITES Appendix"

CITES Appendix
Number of species
I 5 5
II 28 29
III 2 2
Not included in the appendix
61 64
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