Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (9): 938-944.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017150

• On the Mandate of Botanical Gardens • Previous Article     Next Article

Promoting plant culture communication in a botanical garden from a natural history perspective

Huajie Liu*()   

  1. Department of Philosophy, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2017-05-19 Accepted:2017-09-08 Online:2017-10-04
  • Liu Huajie E-mail:huajie@pku.edu.cn

The natural history cognitive tradition that Theophrastus, John Ray, Gilbert White, Carl Linnaeus, Henry David Thoreau, and John Muir belong has facilitated the birth and development of botany, ecology, and conservative biology, and when science is increasingly specialized, it seems to inspire experts of botanical gardens to promote plant cultures communication. Restarting and incorporating traditional natural history in the operation of a botanical garden will help balance the tension between anthropocentrism and non-anthropocentrism, scientist and the public perspective, public and personal knowledge, introduced and indigenous species, and domestication and wildness. Every decision in botanical gardens should prioritize conservation and highlight native species. Meanwhile, guided tours of plants should not be restricted to areas of botanical gardens with fixed borders, and the guides of botanical garden and visitors could be able to walk on local trails to look at wild plants, enjoy the ecological landscape, and experience the beauty of nature. However, this suggestion requires reforming the administrative arrangement and staff training of most botanical gardens.

Key words: natural history, plant cultures, personal knowledge, indigenous knowledge, trails plants guide

[1] Allen DE (translated by Chen X) (1994) The Naturalist in Britain: A Social History, 2nd edn. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
[程玺(译) (2017) 不列颠博物学家: 一部社会史. 上海交通大学出版社, 上海.]
[2] Anderson JGT (2013) Deep Things Out of Darkness: A History of Natural History. University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles.
[3] Barber L (1980) The Heyday of Naturalist History (1820- 1870). Doubleday & Company, Inc., New York.
[4] Bridson G (2008) The History of Natural History: An Annotated Bibliography, 2nd edn. Linnean Society of London, London.
[5] Committee on Science, Engineering,Public Policy(2004) On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research. National Academies Press, Washington, DC. (in Chinese)
[美国科学、工程与公共政策委员会(2004) 怎样当一名科学家: 科学研究中的负责行为(中文版附录), 91页. 北京理工大学出版社, 北京.]
[6] Cooper A (2010) Inventing the Indigenous: Local Knowledge and Natural History in the Early Modern Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York.
[7] Farber PL (2000) Finding Order in Nature: The Naturalist Tradition from Linnaeus to E. O. Wilson. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore and London.
[8] French R (1994) Ancient Natural History. Routledge, London and New York.
[9] Gay P (translated by Zhao Y) (2015) Education of the Senses, pp. 11-12. Century Publishing Group, Shanghai. (in Chinese)
[赵勇 (译) (2015) 感官的教育, 11-12页. 世纪出版集团, 上海.]
[10] Graham MH, Parker J, Dayton P (2011) The Essential Naturalist: Timeless Readings in Natural History. University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.
[11] Hong DY (2016) Three “what”: mission of a botanic garden. Biodiversity Science, 24, 728. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.17520/biods.2016158
[洪德元 (2016) 三个“哪些”: 植物园的使命. 生物多样性, 24, 728.]
doi: 10.17520/biods.2016158
[12] Jardine N, Secord JA, Spary EC (1996) Cultures of Natural History. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[13] Leopold A (1949) A Sand County Almanac and Sketches Here and There. p. viii (Preface). Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford.
[14] Liu HJ (2012) Living as a Naturalist. Peking University Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[刘华杰 (2012) 博物人生. 北京大学出版社, 北京.]
[15] Liu HJ (2014) Botanical Journeys in Hawaii, pp. 233-242, 252-255, 263-268. China Science and Technology Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[刘华杰 (2014) 檀岛花事, 233-242, 252-255, 263-268页. 中国科学技术出版社, 北京.]
[16] Liu HJ (2016) Cultures of Natural History and Historiographical Theory of Science. Shanghai Jiaotong University Press, Shanghai. (in Chinese)
[刘华杰 (2016) 博物学文化与编史. 上海交通大学出版社, 上海.]
[17] Liu HJ (2017) On the revival of natural history and the future of ecological civilization. Frontiers, (3), 76-84.
[刘华杰 (2017) 论博物学的复兴与未来生态文明. 学术前沿, (3), 76-84.]
[18] Liu HJ (2007) Readings in Science Communication, pp.1-11. Shanghai Jiaotong University Press, Shanghai. (in Chinese)
[刘华杰 (2007) 科学传播读本, 1-11页. 上海交通大学出版社, 上海.]
[19] Ma KP (2010-2017) Field Guide to Wild Plants of China, Series. Higher Education Press and Commercial Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[马克平 (2010-2017) 中国常见植物野外识别手册. 高等教育出版社、商务印书馆, 北京.]
[20] Merrill LL (1989) The Romance of Victorian Natural History. Oxford University Press, New York and Oxford.
[21] Pyle RM (2017) The niche of a naturalist. American Scientist, 105, 252.
doi: 10.1511/2017.105.4.252
[22] Timblin D (2017) Thoreau as naturalist: a conversation with four authors. American Scientist, 105, 248.
doi: 10.1511/2017.105.4.248
[23] Yang J, Liu B (2010) Social Operation of Science and Technology, pp.10-21. Tsinghua University Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[杨舰, 刘兵 (2010) 科学技术的社会运行, 10-21页. 清华大学出版社, 北京.]
[24] Zhang YH (2009) On the concept of indigenous knowledge. Thinking, (2), 3. (in Chinese)
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-778X.2009.02.001
[张永宏 (2009) 本土知识概念的界定. 思想战线, (2), 3.]
doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-778X.2009.02.001
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed