Biodiversity Science ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 36-43.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017124

• Methodologies • Previous Article     Next Article

Algorithm improvements and applications for biological conservation security patterns

Jie Chen, Nianxing Zhou*(), Zhuomin Tao   

  1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023
  • Received:2017-04-19 Accepted:2017-12-04 Online:2018-05-05
  • Zhou Nianxing
  • About author:

    # Co-first authors

Using biological movement as a basis, landscape security patterns are an effective approach to biological conservation. This study probes the recognition technique to buffer zones with the aid of utility formulas, and improves the method of recognition of ecological corridors with the help of gradient descent algorithms. These habit islets, which are located within low-resistance areas outside the buffer zone and of a certain distance from suitable sources for the subsistence of targeted protected species, can be considered source candidates. Regions, which are situated within high-resistance areas inside the buffer zone and close to unsuitable sources for maintaining targeted protected species, can be categorized in ecological restoration areas. The intersection between ecological corridors and high-resistance areas should be identified as a key point for ecological restoration. Taking the Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area (WSA) as an empirical case, the study formulates the landscape security pattern of Macaca mulatta, in which the core area of the reserve is comprised of four discrete source Macaca mulatta habitats and is supplemented by three source candidates. A few ecological corridors and connections between sources that aimed to improve connectivity of the inter-population were delimited, and strategic points of ecological restoration are discerned. This study not only identifies buffer zones and ecological corridors in landscape security patterns but also attaches great practical significance to biological conservation exemplified by the Macaca mulatta population in WSA.

Key words: landscape security pattern, algorithm, Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area, Macaca mulatta

Fig. 1

Functional relationship between cumulative resistance and area"

Fig. 2

Sketch map of Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area"

Table 1

The factors and weights of environmental resistance"

阻力因子 Resistance factor 权重 Weight
植被覆盖类型 Vegetation cover type 0.4
高程 Elevation 0.2
距水源地的距离 Distance from water 0.1
距河流的距离 Distance from rivers 0.2
距公路的距离 Distance from roads 0.06
距游步道的距离 Distance from walking trails 0.04

Fig. 3

Landscape resistance map of Shijiayan"

Fig. 4

Buffer zone drawn by boundary equation"

Fig. 5

Buffer zone drawn by resistance ranking"

Table 2

The factors and weights in selection of new source"

Selecting condition
猕猴生境适宜度指数[0, 1]
Habitat suitability index for Macaca mulatta [0, 1]
≥ 0.7 0.7
Landscape heterogeneity
≥ 2 0.1
斑块面积 Patch area ≥ 0.4 km2 0.1
斑块形状指数[0, 1]
Patch shape index [0, 1]
≥ 0.6 0.1

Fig. 6

Security pattern for the protection of Macaca mulatta"

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