Biodiversity Science ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (6): 725-727.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015370

• Orginal Article • Previous Article     Next Article

Notes on the rank of China in the world in terms of higher plant diversity

Chunxiang Li1, *(), Xinyuan Miao1, 2   

  1. 1 State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2015-12-28 Accepted:2016-04-26 Online:2016-06-20
  • Li Chunxiang E-mail:cxli@nigpas.ac.cn

Table 1

Higher plant diversity and endemism in 17 megadiverse countries"

国家
Country
物种数1
No. of plant
species1
物种数2
No. of plant species2
维管植物物种数3
No. of vascular plant species3
特有种数3
No. of endemic species3
特有种数比例3
Ratio of Endemism (%)3
巴西 Brazil 56,108 56,000 32,364 18,082 56
哥伦比亚 Colombia 38,110 25,000 24,500 10,500 43
中国 China 29,650 27,100 29,650 14,013 47
印度尼西亚 Indonesia 29,375 29,375 29,375 13,750 47
墨西哥 Mexico 25,036 24,000 25,036 11,250 45
南非 South Africa 23,420 23,420 20,407 13,265 65
美国 United States 18,737 18,000 18,737 4,036 22
委内瑞拉 Venezuela 18,212 15,350 15,820 2,964 19
秘鲁 Peru 18,055 18,966 18,055 5,676 31
印度 India 17,832 17,000 17,832 6,113 34
厄瓜多尔 Ecuador 17,517 15,671 17,517 4,179 24
玻利维亚 Bolivia 17,367 17,367 - - -
澳大利亚 Australia 15,638 15,638 15,638 14,182 91
马来西亚 Malaysia 15,250 15,000 15,250 3,600 24
巴布亚新几内亚 Papua New Guinea 14,522 17,500 14,522 13,250 91
俄罗斯联邦 Russian Federation 11,400 17,500 - - -
泰国 Thailand 11,313 11,000 - - -
刚果 Congo - - 11,004 1,100 10
马达加斯加 Madagascar - - 9,753 7,250 74
菲律宾 Philippines - - 8,931 3,500 39
[1] Duan YF, Zhang LB (2014) Eight new names and lectotypification of six names in Lamianae (asterids I) for the Flora of China. Phytotaxa, 170, 278-282.
[2] Forzza RC, Baumgratz JFA, Bicudo CEM, Carvalho Jr AA, Costa A, Costa DP, Hopkins M, Leitman PM, Lohmann LG, Maia LC, Martinelli G, Menezes M, Morim MP, Coelho MAN, Peixoto AL, Pirani JR, Prado J, Queiroz LP, Souza VC, Stehmann JR, Sylvestre LS, Walter BMT, Zappi D (2010) Catálogo das Plantas e Fungos do Brasil, Vol. 1, pp. 1-39. Andrea Jakobsson Estúdio and Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden, Rio de Janeiro. (in Portuguese)
[3] Fu CX, Ding BY (2002) Botany. Zhejiang University Press, Hangzhou. (in Chinese)
[傅承新, 丁炳扬 (2002) 植物学. 浙江大学出版社, 杭州.]
[4] Giam X, Bradshaw CJA, Tan HTW, Sodhi NS (2010) Future habitat loss and the conservation of plant biodiversity. Biological Conservation, 143, 1594-1602.
[5] Hu JL (2012) Botany. China Agricultural University Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[胡金良 (2012) 植物学. 中国农业大学出版社, 北京.]
[6] Jia JS (2014) Protect biodiversity, we should first protect wildlife resources and their habitats. Forestry of China, 10, 10. (in Chinese)
[贾建生 (2014) 保护生物多样性, 首先应保护好野生动植物资源及其栖息地. 中国林业, 10, 10.]
[7] Jiang ZM, He XL (2009) Botany. Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University Press, Xianyang. (in Chinese)
[姜在民, 贺学礼 (2009) 植物学. 西北农林科技大学出版社, 咸阳.]
[8] Li CQ, Luo LJ (2011) Botany. Chemical Industry Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[李春奇, 罗丽娟 (2011) 植物学. 化学工业出版社, 北京.]
[9] Liu DM (2015) Protect the genetic resources from losing. World Environment, A01, 46-47. (in Chinese)
[刘冬梅 (2015) 别再让遗传资源丢失. 世界环境, A01, 46-47.]
[10] Pitman NCA, Jorgensen PM (2002) Estimating the size of the world’s threatened flora. Science, 298, 989.
[11] Wang LS, Jia Y, Zhang XC, Qin HN (2015) Overview of higher plant diversity in China. Biodiversity Science, 23, 217-224. (in Chinese with English abstract)
[王利松, 贾渝, 张宪春, 覃海宁 (2015) 中国高等植物多样性. 生物多样性, 23, 217-224.]
[12] Zhang AQ, Wang CX, Ma RX (2006) Botany. Southwest Jiaotong University Press, Chengdu. (in Chinese)
[张爱芹, 王彩霞, 马瑞霞 (2006) 植物学. 西南交通大学出版社, 成都.]
[13] Zhang LB, Gilbert MG (2015) Comparison of classifications of vascular plants of China. Taxon, 64, 17-26.
[14] Zhejiang Agricultural University Teaching and Research Group(1989) Botany. Zhejiang Agricultural University Press, Hangzhou. (in Chinese)
[浙江农业大学植物教研组(1989) 植物学. 浙江农业大学出版社, 杭州.]
[15] Zhou SS, Ma EW (1995) Plant Taxonomy. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing. (in Chinese)
[周世双, 马恩伟 (1995) 植物分类学. 中国林业出版社, 北京.]
No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed