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On Biodiversity of Xishuangbanna and its Conservation

LONG CHUNLIN   

  1. Kunming Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, Kunming 650204, China
  • Received:1994-03-18 Online:1995-12-20

There lives a vast number of plant and animal species in Xishuangbanna. Biodiversity plays a significant role based on its function in economy, society, culture, religion, environment and germplasm conservation in Xishuangbanna prefecture. However, the environment for organisms is worsening and many species are on the brink of extinction. More than 200 species of organisms are believed to be in rare, endangered and near endangered status around the prefecture. The preserving systems for organisms of Xishuangbanna can be divided into 3 subsystems: 1) national nature sanctuary: 2) traditional preeserving system: and 3) conservation in scientific institution, Some new methods to preserve biodiversity such as: 1) international nature sanctuariies, 2) conservation in public yards and in agroforestry, and 3) traditional conservation systems (Holy Hills of Dai, Sangpabawa of Hani, tea garden of Jinuo, Buddhist temples and homegardens) are suggested in the present paper. Also the author proposes some strategies to preserve biodiversity (egg. help the residents in and near the nature sanctuaries, replace timber with bamboo, spread traditional artificial fuelwood forest techniques and stress local participation) based on the ethnoecoLogical and humar ecological viewpoints.

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