Biodiversity Science

Previous Article     Next Article

Species diversity of wild edible mushrooms from Pinus yunnanensis forests and conservation strategies

Fuqiang Yu1,2, Peigui Liu1*   

  1. 1 Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650204
    2 Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039
  • Received:2004-09-06 Online:2005-01-20
  • Peigui Liu

From 2000 to 2004, we studied wild edible mushrooms collected from forests of Yunnan pine (Pinus yunnanensis), a dominant vegetation in central Yunnan and adjacent regions. A total of 776 mushroom collections were obtained and identified, including 457 from the field investigation of the authors, 167 from mushroom markets, and 152 from specimens in the Herbarium of Cryptogams, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. In total, 211 taxa belonging to 43 genera of 27 families were identified, among which 111 taxa in 35 genera of 23 families were commercial mushrooms traded in the local markets. Of these commercial mushrooms, 23.23% belonged to Russulaceae, comprising 15.17% (32 species) from the genus Russula and 8.06% (17 species) from the genus Lactarius. Boletaceae ranked the second in species richness and made up 19.43% (41 species) of the total species. Seventeen species found were from the family Tricholomataceae, 11 from Ramariaceae and Suillaceae, and 9 from Cantharellaceae, sharing 8.06%, 5.21%, 5.21% and 4.27% of the total species, respectively.More than 30 species from the genera Russula, Boletus, Lactarius, Ramaria, Suillus, Tricholoma, Cantharellus, and Thelephora made up 47.50% of the total wild commercial mushroom species in the Yunnan local markets. In recent years, increasing demand for wild edible mushrooms has resulted in large-scale commercial harvesting, which has led to a decline of mushroom species. We appeal for protecting these valuable fungal resources and their habitats.

No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Ling Yeou-Ruenn. Taxa nova generum Artemisiae et Seriphidii Xizangensis[J]. J Syst Evol, 1980, 18(4): 504 -513 .
[2] GE Shun-Feng, XU Hai-Gang, JI Meng-Meng, and JIANG Yuan-Mao. Effects of soil C:N on growth and distribution of nitrogen and carbon of Malus hupehensis seedlings[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2013, 37(10): 942 -949 .
[3] ZHANG Da-Ming, Aniwar, JIANG Tao, JIAN You-Li. Analysis of the rodent community diversity and species variation in the Junggar Basin[J]. Biodiv Sci, 1998, 06(2): 92 -98 .
[4] Quan CHEN, Ke-Ming MA. Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasion on enrichment of sedimental heavy metals in a mangrove wetland and the underlying mechanisms[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2017, 41(4): 409 -417 .
[5] Michael Staab, Joel Methorst, Jan Peters, Nico Blüthgen, Alexandra-Maria Klein. Tree diversity and nectar composition affect arthropod visitors on extrafloral nectaries in a diversity experiment[J]. J Plant Ecol, 2017, 10(1): 201 -212 .
[6] Feng-Juan MOU, Dian-Xiang ZHANG. Chromosome studies in the tribe Clauseneae and the cytological homogeneity in the orange subfamily (Aurantioideae, Rutaceae)[J]. J Syst Evol, 2012, 50(5): 460 -466 .
[7] LIANG Song-Yun. New material of Carex sect. Praelongae from China[J]. J Syst Evol, 1999, 37(2): 189 -192 .
[8] LIU Ying-Hua, HE Kai-Ze , YANG Min, MENG Yi-Wen, PU Qiang. Structure of a Bioactive Fructan from the Root of Cyathula officinalis[J]. J Integr Plant Biol, 2004, 46(9): 1128 -1134 .
[9] YANG Hao,LUO Ya-Chen. Responses of the functional traits in Cleistogenes squarrosa to nitrogen addition and drought[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2015, 39(1): 32 -42 .
[10] Keping Ma. DNA barcode: from species to biome[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2015, 23(3): 279 -280 .