生物多样性 ›› 1994, Vol. 02 ›› Issue (2): 113-117.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京动物园大熊猫繁殖记录

黄世强   

  1. (北京动物园科研所,北京 100044)
  • 收稿日期:1993-08-14 出版日期:1994-05-20

Breeding notes of the Giant panda in Beijing Zoo

Huang Shiqiang   

  • Received:1993-08-14 Online:1994-05-20

北京动物园在三十年中,共繁殖大熊猫28胎(其中双胎18次),产仔46只,成活21只,成活率为45.65%,为大熊猫的迁地保护作出了杰出的贡献。1963年第一次在人工饲养下自然繁殖成功大熊猫“明明”;1978年第一次用人工授精方法繁殖成功大熊猫“元晶”;1980年第一次以纯超低温保存的大熊猫冷冻精液人工授精成功产下二仔;1987年第一次在人工饲养下繁殖出子三代;1990年第一次实现不同地理位置的大熊猫自然交配繁殖成功幼仔“亚庆”;1992年第一次繁殖成功大熊猫人工授精第三代幼仔“京京”;1992年第一次以人工授精繁殖长大的雄性大熊猫自然交配成功繁殖“永明”和“永亮”;1992~1993年第一次以人工哺育的方法使未食母乳的大熊猫幼仔“永亮”成活;1993年第一次达到1992年所产的3仔全部成活,成活率为100%。

Beijing Zoo has bred in 30 years 46 cubs of 28 litters of Giant Panda (among which 18 litters were twins),21 young Pandas survived. The survival rate is 45. 65%, which made a prominent contribution to the offsite conservation of Giant Panda. The first successful breeding in captivity was achieved in 1963 - MingMing; the first successful breeding by artificial insemination was in 1978-- Yuan Jing; in 1980 there was thefirst successful breeding by using frozen semen stored in ultra-low temperature, twins were born; in 1987 the Beijing Zoo achieved the record of keeping 4 generations of Pandas; in 1990, Pandas of distant bloodlines mated naturally and produced offspring for the first time-Ya Qing ; in 1992, the first third generationPanda by artificial insemination was able to mate naturally for the first time and successfully fathered twincubs - Yong Ming and Yong Liang ; from 1992 to 1993, a had-reared young panda survived for the.first time(not having had milk from the mother) - Yong Liang; in 1993, for first time all 3 young Pandas born in1992 survived, a survived rate of 100%.

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