生物多样性 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (6): 798-799.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2014.13256

所属专题: 野生动物的红外相机监测

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西藏墨脱鸟兽红外相机监测初报

温立嘉, 时坤, 黄建, 宋阳, 郭玉民*()   

  1. 北京林业大学自然保护区学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-23 接受日期:2014-11-20 出版日期:2014-11-20
  • 通讯作者: 郭玉民 E-mail:bird168@126.com

Preliminary analysis of mammal and bird diversity monitored with camera traps in Medog, Tibet

Lijia Wen, Kun Shi, Jian Huang, Yang Song, Yumin Guo*()   

  1. College of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2013-12-23 Accepted:2014-11-20 Online:2014-11-20
  • Contact: Guo Yumin E-mail:bird168@126.com

附表1

墨脱红外相机拍摄的兽类和鸟类的监测记录"

物种
Species
相机点数
No. of stations (%)
有效照片
No. of photos
有效视频
No. of videos
出现次数
Appearing time
出现率(%)
Appearing rate
兽类 Mammals
啮齿目 Rodentia
松鼠科 Sciuridae
巨松鼠 Ratufa bicolor 1(8.33) 6 1 2 0.17
岩松鼠 Sciurotamias davidianus 1(8.33) 1 0 1 0.08
豪猪科 Hystricidae
帚尾豪猪 Atherurus macrourus 7(58.33) 372 71 219 18.22
食肉目 Carnivora
猫科 Felidae
金猫 Catopuma temminckii 3(25) 9 1 6 0.50
云猫 Pardofelis marmorata 1(8.33) 4 0 2 0.17
豹猫 Prionailurus bengalensis 5(41.67) 14 3 6 0.50
云豹 Neofelis nebulosa 2(16.67) 19 3 12 1.00
灵猫科 Viverridae
花面狸 Paguma larvata 7(58.33) 55 8 36 3.00
斑灵狸 Prionodon pardicolor 1(8.33) 3 1 1 0.08
大灵猫 Viverra zibetha 1(8.33) 1 0 1 0.08
鼬科 Mustelidae
黄喉貂 Martes flavigula 8(66.67) 40 19 30 2.50
石貂 Martes foina 1(8.33) 2 2 2 0.17
偶蹄目 Artiodactyla
猪科 Suidae
野猪 Sus scrofa 5(41.67) 9 2 5 0.42
鹿科 Cervidae
赤麂 Muntiacus muntjak 12(100) 980 267 392 32.61
牛科 Bovidae
喜马拉雅鬣羚 Capricornis thar 6(50) 14 4 7 0.58
鸟类 Birds
鸡形目 Galliformes
雉科 Phasianidae
环颈山鹧鸪 Arborophila torqueola 5(41.67) 14 7 9 0.75
红喉山鹧鸪 Arborophila rufogularis 1(8.33) 1 0 1 0.08
红胸山鹧鸪 Arborophila galliformes 1(8.33) 3 1 1 0.08
红腹角雉 Tragopan temminckii 1(8.33) 3 1 1 0.08
黑鹇 Lophura leucomelanos 9(75) 64 18 33 2.75
鸻形目 Charadriiformes
鹬科 Scolopacidae
丘鹬 Scolopax rusticola 1(8.33) 4 2 2 0.17
形目 Piciformes
啄木鸟科 Picidae
黄嘴栗啄木鸟 Blythipicus pyrrhotis 2(16.67) 7 3 4 0.33
雀形目 Passeriformes
八色鸫科 Pittidae
蓝枕八色鸫 Pitta nipalensis 2(16.67) 1 1 2 0.17
鸦科 Corvidae
灰树鹊 Dendrocitta formosae 1(8.33) 3 0 1 0.08
蓝绿鹊 Cissa chinensis 1(8.33) 0 1 1 0.08
鹟科 Muscicapidae
小黑领噪鹛 Garrulax monileger 2(16.67) 6 2 2 0.17
白冠噪鹛 Garrulax leucolophus 4(33.33) 7 4 6 0.50
白喉姬鹟 Ficedula monileger 2(16.67) 3 1 2 0.17
长尾地鸫 Zoothera dixoni 4(33.33) 10 3 5 0.42
光背地鸫 Zoothera mollissima 1(8.33) 0 1 1 0.08
虎斑地鸫 Zoothera dauma 1(8.33) 2 1 2 0.17
鸫科 Turdidae
紫啸鸫 Myophonus caeruleus 6(50) 42 17 18 1.50

附表2

拍摄到云猫的详细记录"

相机编号
Camera no.
记录编号
Record no.
记录方式
Record mode
日期
Date
时间
Time
环境温度
Temperature
MTGK10 IMAG0305 照片 Picture 2012.11.18 08:57:53 6℃
MTGK 10 IMAG0449 照片 Picture 2012.12.14 17:58:04 7℃
MTGK 10 IMAG0450 照片 Picture 2012.12.14 17:58:08 7℃
MTGK 10 IMAG0451 照片 Picture 2012.12.14 17:58:12 7℃
MTGK 10 IMAG0452 录像 Video 2012.12.14 17:59 7℃

附图1

西藏墨脱红外相机拍摄的重要兽类和鸟类照片"

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