生物多样性 ›› 2008, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (5): 498-502.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2008.08074

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

运用PCR-RFLP方法研究三亚鹿回头岸礁造礁石珊瑚共生藻的组成

董志军1,2,3, 黄晖1*, 黄良民1, 李元超1, 李秀保1   

  1. 1 (中国科学院南海海洋研究所海洋生物资源可持续利用重点实验室, 广州 510301)
    2 (中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049)
    3 (中国科学院海南热带海洋生物实验站, 三亚 572000)
  • 出版日期:2008-09-20 发布日期:2008-09-20

PCR-RFLP analysis of large subunit rDNA of symbiotic dinoflagellates in scleractinian corals from Luhuitou fringing reef of Sanya, Hainan

Zhijun Dong1,2,3, Hui Huang1*, Liangmin Huang1, Yuanchao Li1, Xiubao Li1   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Marine Bio-resourses Sustainable Utilization, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301
    2 Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3 Hainan National Experiment Station of Tropical Marine Biology, Sanya 572000
  • Online:2008-09-20 Published:2008-09-20

摘要: 造礁石珊瑚共生藻的系统分类研究对于理解珊瑚礁生态系统对全球变化的响应具有十分重要的意义。本研究利用PCR技术扩增核糖体基因大亚基片段以及限制性片段长度多态性(RFLP)的方法, 对海南三亚鹿回头岸礁的8科14属22种造礁石珊瑚的共生藻组成进行了研究。结果表明鹿回头岸礁造礁石珊瑚共生藻以C系群为优势系群, 偶尔发现D系群与鹿角杯形珊瑚(Pocilolpora damicornis)和黄癣蜂巢珊瑚(Favia favus)共生; 另外丑鹿角珊瑚(Acropora horrida)和丛生盔形珊瑚(Galaxea fascicularis)可以同时与C系群和D系群共生。共生多型性的发现暗示珊瑚与共生藻的共生关系具有灵活性。研究结果同样显示共生藻的核糖体基因大片段的DNA多态性偏低。未来应该结合其他的分子标记对鹿回头岸礁造礁石珊瑚共生藻的DNA多态性进行更深入的研究。

关键词: 真鲷, 遗传多样性, RAPD

Abstract: The taxonomy of symbiotic dinoflagellates in scleractinian corals is important in understanding how coral reefs will respond to global climate change. We investigated the composition of the dinoflagellate genus Symbiodinium in 22 species of scleractinian corals from 14 genera and eight families in Luhuitou fringing reef of Sanya, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of the large subunit rDNA and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). The results showed that the dinoflagellate genus Symbiodinium clade C was dominant in the study area. Pocillopora damicornis and Favia favus harbor Symbiodinium Clade D, while Galaxea fascicularis and Acropora horrida can harbor more than one type of symbiont (Symbiodinium Clade C and D). Polymorphic symbiosis suggested that the flexibility of the symbiosis between corals and Symbiodinium. The large subunit rDNA polymorphisms of symbiotic dinoflagellates was lower. Further study is needed to investigate zooxanthellae diversity using other molecular markers.

Key words: Pagrus major, genetic diversity, RAPD