生物多样性 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 74-98.DOI: 10.17520/biods.2019163

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中国菌物名录数据库在大型真菌红色名录编制中的作用

王科1,2,赵明君1,苏锦河3,杨柳1,邓红1,王永会1,2,吴海军1,李熠4,吴红梅1,卫晓丹1,魏铁铮1,蔡磊1,姚一建1,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院微生物研究所真菌学国家重点实验室, 北京 100101
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
    3. 集美大学计算机工程学院, 福建厦门 361021
    4. 扬州大学食品科学与工程学院, 江苏扬州 225127
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-13 接受日期:2019-07-09 出版日期:2020-01-20 发布日期:2019-12-13
  • 通讯作者: 姚一建
  • 基金资助:
    生态环境部生物多样性调查评估项目(2019HJ2096001006);中国科学院科技促进发展局特别支持项目

The use of Checklist of Fungi in China database in the red list assessment of macrofungi in China

Ke Wang1,2,Mingjun Zhao1,Jinhe Su3,Liu Yang1,Hong Deng1,Yonghui Wang1,2,Haijun Wu1,Yi Li4,Hongmei Wu1,Xiaodan Wei1,Tiezheng Wei1,Lei Cai1,Yijian Yao1,*()   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
    3. Computer Engineering College, Jimei University, Xiamen, Fujian 361021
    4. School of Food Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu 225127
  • Received:2019-05-13 Accepted:2019-07-09 Online:2020-01-20 Published:2019-12-13
  • Contact: Yijian Yao

摘要:

长期以来, 分类学的研究成果主要以平面的方式发表在各种纸质文献资料中。近年来, 随着计算机和人工智能等新兴技术的发展和应用, 平面资料信息的数字化成为一种趋势, 世界各国都非常重视本国生物资源信息的收集汇总, 构建了多种数据库, 为科学研究、政府决策、资源保护、合理利用和科学传播提供了重要的信息基础。本研究探索并建立从菌物学平面资料信息构建数据库的流程和方法, 并在中国菌物名录数据库和Index Fungorum所收集数据的基础上进行数据挖掘和分析。通过软件操作和程序设计, 在数据库中提取相关信息, 辅助完成了《中国生物多样性红色名录——大型真菌卷》的编制工作, 同时梳理和规范了菌物拉丁和汉语学名, 为菌物分类研究和资源评估与保护提供基础。

关键词: 文献数字化, 菌物数据库, 红色名录初评, 菌物汉语学名

Abstract:

Taxonomic research has, to date, mainly been published in peer-based journals and books. Recently, with the development of emerging technology, document digitization has become a new trend and a variety of databases have been established to provide useful information for scientific research, government decisions, resource protection and utilization, and science communication. During the Red List Assessment of Macrofungi in China project, The Checklist of Fungi in China and Index Fungorum were used for data mining and programming methods to compile the Red List of China’s Biodiversity—Macrofungi. Both Latin and Chinese scientific names of assessed species were revised and corrected, providing a useful example for established database importance in taxonomic research, evaluation, and biological conservation.

Key words: digitization, fungal databases, initial assessment, fungal Chinese name