生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 237-242.doi: 10.17520/biods.2014268

所属专题: 中国生物物种编目进展

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国兰科植物属的界定: 现状与展望

金伟涛, 向小果, 金效华()   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-25 接受日期:2015-02-25 出版日期:2015-03-20
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金(31107176, 31470299, J1310002)

Generic delimitation of Orchidaceae from China: current situation and perspective

Weitao Jin, Xiaoguo Xiang, Xiaohua Jin*()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Systematics and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:2014-12-25 Accepted:2015-02-25 Online:2015-03-20
  • Contact: Jin Xiaohua E-mail:xiaohuajin@ibcas.ac.cn

表1

中国兰科植物属分类处理的比较分析"

《中国植物志》(17-19卷, 1999) Flora of China (Vol. 25, 2009) 《中国生物物种名录》(2015)
拟线柱兰属 Zeuxinella
缥唇兰属 Cystorchis
尖药兰属 Diphylax 舌唇兰属 Platanthera 舌唇兰属 Platanthera
蜻蜓兰属 Tulotis
反唇兰属 Smithorchis 反唇兰属 Smithorchis
红门兰属 Orchis s.l. 根茎兰属 Galearis 根茎兰属 Galearis
红门兰属 Orchis s.s. 红门兰属 Orchis s.s.
小红门属 Ponerorchis 毛轴兰属 Siridhornia
小红门属 Ponerorchis
无柱兰属 Amitostigma 无柱兰属 Amitostigma
兜被兰属 Neottianthe 兜被兰属 Neottianthe
大花无柱兰 Amitostigma pinguicula 大花无柱兰 Amitostigma pinguicula 时珍兰属 Shizhenia
凹舌兰属 Coeloglossum 掌裂兰属 Dactylorhiza 掌裂兰属 Dactylorhiza
高山兰属 Bhutanthera 高山兰属 Bhutanthera
角盘兰属 Herminium 角盘兰属 Herminium 角盘兰属 Herminium
湿生阔蕊兰 Peristylus humidicolus 冷兰属 Frigidorchis
长喙兰属 Tsaiorchis 长喙兰属 Tsaiorchis 长喙兰属 Tsaiorchis
怒江兰属 Gennaria (包括Nujiangia)
黄花红门兰 Orchis chrysea 黄花小红门兰 Ponerorchis chrysea 先骕兰属 Hsenhsua
紫斑玉凤花 Habenaria purpureopunctata 拟舌喙兰属 Hemipiliopsis 舌喙兰属 Hemipilia
舌喙兰属 Hemipilia 舌喙兰属 Hemipilia
开唇兰属 Anoectochilus 开唇兰属 Anoectochilus 开唇兰属 Anoectochilus
齿唇兰属 Odontochilus 齿唇兰属 Odontochilus
菱兰属 Rhomboda 菱兰属 Rhomboda
拟锚柱兰属 Didymoplexiopsis 拟锚柱兰属 Didymoplexiopsis
套叶兰属 Hippeophyllum 鸢尾兰属 Oberonia 鸢尾兰属 Oberonia
鸢尾兰属 Oberonia
沼兰属 Malaxis s.l. 原沼兰属 Malaxis 原沼兰属 Malaxis
小沼兰属 Oberonioides 小沼兰属 Oberonioides
软叶兰属 Crepidium 软叶兰属 Crepidium
无耳沼兰属 Dienia 无耳沼兰属 Dienia
金佛山兰属 Tangtsinia 金佛山兰属 Tangtsinia 头蕊兰属 Cephalanthera
头蕊兰属 Cephalanthera 头蕊兰属 Cephalanthera
对叶兰属 Listera 鸟巢兰属 Neottia 鸟巢兰属 Neottia
鸟巢兰属 Neottia
无喙兰属 Holopogon 无喙兰属 Holopogon
拟锚柱兰属 Didymoplexiopsis 拟锚柱兰属 Didymoplexiopsis
球柄兰属 Mischobulbum 带唇兰属 Tainia 安兰属 Ania
带唇兰属 Tainia 带唇兰属 Tainia
云叶兰属 Nephelaphyllum 云叶兰属 Nephelaphyllum
丹霞兰属 Danxiaorchis
泰兰属 Thaia
羊耳蒜属 Liparis 丫瓣兰属 Ypsilorchis 羊耳蒜属 Liparis
羊耳蒜属 Liparis
昌江石斛 Dendrobium changjiangense 拟石斛属 Oxystophyllum 拟石斛属 Oxystophyllum
毛兰属 Eria s.l. 气穗兰属 Aeridostachya
藓兰属 Bryobium
气穗兰属 Aeridostachya
藓兰属 Bryobium
钟兰属 Campanulorchis 钟兰属 Campanulorchis
毛兰属 Eria s.l. 蛤兰属 Conchidium 蛤兰属 Conchidium
柱兰属 Cylindrolobus 柱兰属 Cylindrolobus
绒兰属 Dendrolirium 绒兰属 Dendrolirium
毛兰属 Eria s.s. 毛兰属 Eria s.s.
拟毛兰属 Mycaranthes 拟毛兰属 Mycaranthes
苹兰属 Pinalia 苹兰属 Pinalia
毛鞘兰属 Trichotosia 毛鞘兰属 Trichotosia
三角兰属 Trias
拟隔距兰属 Cleisostomopsis 拟隔距兰属 Cleisostomopsis
槽舌兰属 Holcoglossum 槽舌兰属 Holcoglossum 槽舌兰属 Holcoglossum
短距兰属 Penkimia
鸟舌兰属 Ascocentrum 鸟舌兰属 Ascocentrum
鸟舌兰属 Ascocentrum
小囊兰属 Micropera 小囊兰属 Micropera
坚唇兰属 Stereochilus 坚唇兰属 Stereochilus
胼胝兰属 Biermannia 胼胝兰属 Biermannia
湿唇兰属 Hygrochilus 湿唇兰属 Hygrochilus 蝴蝶兰属 Phalaenopsis
五唇兰属 Doritis 五唇兰属 Doritis
尖囊兰属 Kingidium 蝴蝶兰属 Phalaenopsis
蝴蝶兰属 Phalaenopsis
萼脊兰属 Sedirea 萼脊兰属 Sedirea
象鼻兰属 Nothodoritis 象鼻兰属 Nothodoritis
拟囊唇兰属 Saccolabiopsis 拟囊唇兰属 Saccolabiopsis
心启兰属 Singchia

附图1

基于质体基因matK和rbcL的联合数据,通过贝叶斯分析建立的中国兰科植物属的系统发育树。分支上的数值表示后验概率(PP)"

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