生物多样性 ›› 2002, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 15-23.doi: 10.17520/biods.2002003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

浙江省珍稀濒危植物物种多样性保护的关键区域

胡绍庆, 丁炳扬, 陈征海   

  1. 1 (杭州植物园,  杭州 310013)
    2 (浙江大学生命科学学院,  杭州 310012)
    3 (浙江省森林资源监测中心,  杭州 310020)
  • 收稿日期:2001-10-10 修回日期:2001-12-11 出版日期:2002-02-20

The critical regions for conservation of rare and endangered plant species diversity in Zhejiang Province

HU Shao-Qing, DING Bing-Yang, CHEN Zheng-Hai   

  1. 1 Hangzhou Botanical Garden , Hangzhou 310013
    2 College of Life Sciences , Zhejiang University , Hangzhou 310012
    3 Zhejiang Forest Resource Monitoring Center , Hangzhou 310020
  • Received:2001-10-10 Revised:2001-12-11 Online:2002-02-20

浙江省植物资源丰富,有野生维管植物215科1196属3283种,其中包含了我国特有属49个,浙江省特有植物约200余种,许多物种十分稀少,并受到严重威胁,亟待保护。但浙江省需优先保护的植物物种的分布并不是均匀的,有些地区的重要保护对象比较集中,对这些地区我们应该给予更多的保护。本文根据维管植物物种多样性、珍稀濒危植物的物种数量及个体数量特征、受威胁状况以及浙江省特有植物的分布情况,提出了浙江省珍稀濒危植物保护的7个关键区域:以西天目山为中心的浙西北山区,以古田山为中心的浙西山区,以九龙山为中心的浙西南山区,以凤阳山-百山祖为中心的浙南山区,以括苍山为中心的浙东山区,以天台山为中心的浙东丘陵,以普陀山为中心的舟山群岛。最后提出了浙江省植物物种多样性保护的几点建议。

Zhejiang Province is rich in plant resources. There live a total of 215 families, 1196 genera and 3283 species of wild vascular plants, including 49 genera endemic to China and 200 species endemic to Zhejiang. Many species have become rare and threatened, and therefore, should be conserved as soon as possible. However, these rare and endangered plant species are not distributed evenly. Attention should be given to the regions where more plant species deserving protection exist. According to plant diversity, species richness of rare and endangered plants, and their individual quantitative features, imperiled status, and the distribution of endemic plant in Zhejiang Province, seven critical reserve regions for plant species diversity protection are suggested. They are northwest mountains (centered around Xitianmu Mountain), west mountains (centered around Gutian Mountain), southwest mountains (centered around Jiulong Mountain), south mountains (centered around Fengyang and Baishanzu Mountains), east mountains (centered around Kuocang Mountain), east hills (centered around Tiantai hill land), and Zhoushan Archipelago (centered around Putuoshan Island). Measures to protect plant diversity in Zhejiang are suggested.

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