生物多样性 ›› 2001, Vol. 09 ›› Issue (3): 310-318.doi: 10.17520/biods.2001047

所属专题: 生物多样性与生态系统功能

• 论文 • 上一篇    

生物多样性价值的经济学处理:一些理论障碍及其克服

徐嵩龄   

  1. (中国社会科学院环境与发展研究中心,  北京 100732)
  • 收稿日期:2001-04-18 修回日期:2001-07-19 出版日期:2001-08-20
  • 通讯作者: 徐嵩龄

Economic approaches to valuing biodiversity: some theoretical barriers and relevant counter measures

XU Song-Ling   

  1. Center for Environment and Development Research , Chinese Academy of Social Sciences , 100732
  • Received:2001-04-18 Revised:2001-07-19 Online:2001-08-20
  • Contact: XU Song-Ling

本文首先对国际生态经济学界围绕“世界生态系统功能价值计量”的方法学论争进行简短的评论,接着阐述了生物多样性价值的新的概念框架,并据此就生物多样性价值计量中尚未得到关注的问题(生物多样性价值的可计算性,价值计量方法的恰当性,价值分量的可加性和可解析性,价值误差测算)提出解决思路。本文最后讨论了两个保护经济学问题的方法学构架,其一是生物多样性破坏的经济损失计算,其二是生物多样性保护工程的成本-效益分析与成本-效果分析。

This paper provides a short commentary on the methodological cont roversy surrounding valuation of world ecosystem services. A new conceptual framework is then proposed for understanding the value of biodiversity , and , based on this , a number of issues are discussed , involving measuring the value of biodiversity , which have not yet been resolved. These are the computability of value , the validity of valuation methods , the additivity and analyticity of value sectors , and error measurement of the value. Finally the paper presents methodological frameworks for two important issues of conservation economics , one of which is estimation of the cost of biodiversity disturbance , and the other is costbenefit analysis (CBA) and cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) for conservation engineering.

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