生物多样性 ›› 2000, Vol. 08 ›› Issue (1): 112-119.doi: 10.17520/biods.2000016

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

历史上向“天朝”上贡对滇南犀牛灭绝和亚洲象濒危过程的影响

许再富   

  1. (中国科学院西双版纳热带植物园,云南勐腊县 666303)
  • 收稿日期:1999-09-02 修回日期:1999-06-25 出版日期:2000-02-20

The effects of paying tribute to the imperial court in the history on rkinoceros' extinction and elephant's endangerment in Southern Yunnan

XU Zai-Fu   

  1. Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Mengla Country 666303
  • Received:1999-09-02 Revised:1999-06-25 Online:2000-02-20

根据有关历史资料的统计分析,在元朝以后,滇南各土司向天朝上贡的犀角估算有79~123支,并在清朝于18世纪末19世纪初犀牛就成为濒于灭绝的物种,而最后的一头犀牛是在1957年在滇南被捕杀。滇南各土司在元朝以后向天朝上贡的大象估算有1140~1339头、象牙38~76支,加上大象和犀牛被用于频繁的战争,它在17世纪中期就处于濒危的状态。因而,向天朝上贡这一特殊的人文因素是大象和犀牛在滇南濒危和灭绝的重要原因之一。虽然犀牛已在滇南灭绝,但从现代的生态环境来说,实现再引种是可能的。

In accordance with the statistic from related historical documentst we estimated that 79~ 123 rhinoceros harns had been paid as tribute to the imperml oourts of China from southern Yunnan since the Yuan Dynasty (the 13rd certtury),The rhinoceros in the region,therefoxe,was becoming extinct during the period ofthe Qing Dynasty from the end of the 18th century to the beginnlng of the 19th century The last rhinoceros was killed in 1957 in sourhem Yunnan.Meanwhile. 1140~ 1339 elephants and 38~ 76 ivories were estimated to be paid as tribute to the imperial courts of China from Sourhern Yurman xince the Yuan Dynasty.and elephants were fallen into the situation of endangeredness in the middle of the 17th certtury Paying tribute.as a special human factort was one of the important reas0ns for the endangerment and extinction of rhinoceros and elephants AIthough rhinoceros has been extinct in southern Yunnan,it can be reintroduced in recent ecoeavlronment.

No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed