生物多样性 ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (2): 132-139.doi: 10.17520/biods.1999020

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

全球变化与野生物种:观测和预测

倪健   

  1. 1 (中国科学院植物研究所植被数量生态学开放研究实验室,北京 100093)
    2 (瑞典隆德大学生态学系气候影响室,隆德 22362)
  • 出版日期:1999-05-20

Global Change and Wild Species: Observations and Predictions*

NI JIAN1, 2   

  1. 1 Laboratory of Quantitative Vegetation Ecology,Institute of Botany,Chinese Academy of Sciences 100093 Beijing,China
    2 Climate Impacts Group,Department of Ecology,Lund University,S-223 62 Lund,Sweden
  • Online:1999-05-20

 由于人类活动的影响,世界正在变暖。迅速的全球变化很可能对野生物种产生巨大影响,同时伴随着城市化、农垦和造林实践所引起的自然生境的丧失和破坏。观测和预测的气候变化对野生物种的影响着眼于4个方面:生活史的时间、物种分布与种群格局、迁移对策以及重要地点。许多物种可能因气候的变化而灭绝,而气候变化所造成的野生物种分布的变化很可能对人类产生长期久远的影响。

The world is warming up because of human activities,The rapid global changes are likely to have a large impact on wild species as they combine with loss and damage of natural habitats caused by urbanization,agricultural and silvicultural practices.The observed and predicted effects of climate change on wild species were looked at in four ways;timing of life cycles,distributions of species and population patterns,migration strategies,and important sites.Some species may become extinct because of climate change.Changes in the distribution of wild species because of climate change are likely to have far reaching effects on humans.

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