生物多样性 ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (2): 123-126.doi: 10.17520/biods.1999018

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

厦门大屿岛三种鹭的种群动态和营巢

胡慧娟, 陈剑榕, 孙雷, 吴广齐, 卢昌义, 宋晓军   

  1. (厦门大屿岛白鹭自然保护区筹建处,  厦门 361004)
    (厦门大学环境科学研究中心,  厦门 361005)
  • 收稿日期:1998-06-29 修回日期:1998-12-20 出版日期:1999-05-20

Population dynamics and nesting of three species of egret on Xiamen Dayu Island

HU Hui-Juan1), CHEN Jian-Rong1), SUN Lei1), WU Guang-Qi1), LU Chang-Yi2), SONG Xiao-Jun2)   

  1. 1) Preparatory Section of Xiamen Dayu Island Egret Natural Reserve ,Xiamen 361004
    2) Enviromental Science Research Center , Xiamen University , Xiamen 361004
  • Received:1998-06-29 Revised:1998-12-20 Online:1999-05-20

对厦门大屿岛白鹭保护区的夜鹭(Nycticorax nycticorax)、白鹭(Eegrtta garzetta)和池鹭(Ardeola bacchus)进行种群动态和营巢观察研究。3种鸟的数量季节变化都很大,5~7月数量高峰期,每月总数都达5000只左右。5月底共5610只,3种鸟的比例分别为50.8%、32.0%和17.2%。4月开始大量在相思树梢上营巢,5月中至6月初巢数多达6000多个。结果表明,3种鸟都是厦门的繁殖鸟和留鸟。

This paper deals with the population dynamics and nesting of Nycticorax nycticorax , Egretta garzetta and Ardeola bacchus in the Egret Naturel Reserve on Xiamen Dayu Island. The number of three egret species vary greatly with the season. May , June and July is the peak seasons. When the total birds reach about 5000 in each month. Especially , 5610 birds are sighted in May ,and three species account for 50. 8 % , 32. 0 % and 17. 2 % , respectively. In April , most egrets begin to nest on the branchs of Acacia confusa , and nests come to 6000 during middle May and the beginning of J une. The results show that the three species of egret are all resident and breeding birds of the Island.

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