生物多样性 ›› 1999, Vol. 07 ›› Issue (2): 81-90.doi: 10.17520/biods.1999012

• 论文 •    下一篇

集合种群动态:理论与应用

张大勇, 雷光春, ILKKA HANKI   

  1. (北京师范大学生态研究所,  北京 100875)
    (北京大学生态与环境生物学系,  北京 100871)
    ( 芬兰赫尔辛基大学生态与系统学系)
  • 收稿日期:1998-07-14 修回日期:1999-02-20 出版日期:1999-05-20

Metapopulation dynamics: theory and applications

ZHANG Da-Yong1), LEI Guang-Chun2), ILKKA HANSKI3)   

  1. 1) Institute of Ecology ,Beijing Normal University ,Beijing 100875
    2) Department of Ecology and Environmental Biology ,Peking University ,Beijing 100871
    3) Department of Ecology & Systematics ,Division of Population Biology ,University of Helsinki ,FIN200014 ,Finland
  • Received:1998-07-14 Revised:1999-02-20 Online:1999-05-20

集合种群是指一相对独立地理区域内各个局域种群的集合,这些局域种群通过一定程度的个体迁移而连结在一起。集合种群理论是生态学最新分支领域——空间生态学的主要研究途径之一;它关注的是局域种群之间个体迁移的动力学后果,以及具有不稳定局域种群物种的区域续存的条件。本文较为全面地介绍了集合种群理论的基本内容,并展望其应用前景。

A metapopulation refers to a set of local populations within some larger area , where typically migration from one local population to at least some other patches are possible. As one of the three main approaches to spatial ecology , metapopulation biology is concerned with the dynamic consequences of migration among local populations and the conditions of regional persistence of species with unstable local populations. This article comprehensively reviews the theoretical framework and the spread of the metapopulation concept to conservation biology and applications.

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