生物多样性 ›› 1998, Vol. 06 ›› Issue (4): 312-315.doi: 10.17520/biods.1998048

• 论文 • 上一篇    

秦岭保护区群存在的主要问题和对策

张金良, 李焕芳, 张民侠, 侯凌宇   

  1. (陕西省自然保护区和野生动物管理工作站,  西安 710082)
  • 收稿日期:1997-08-29 修回日期:1998-03-20 出版日期:1998-11-20

Some of the main problems of the Qingling Nature Reserves and managing strategies

ZHANG Jing-Liang, LI Huan-Fang, ZHANG Ming-Xia, HOU Ling-Yu   

  1. Nature Reserve and Wildlife Administration of Shaanxi Province , Xi’an  710082
  • Received:1997-08-29 Revised:1998-03-20 Online:1998-11-20

本文作者根据秦岭保护区群内7个自然保护区(保护站)存在的主要问题,提出了解决问题的办法。主要问题:一、牛背梁自然保护区的形状、大小、边界区划不合理;二、各自然保护区由于投资和建立时间不同,发展不平衡。三、周边地区商业采伐严重;四、农业蚕食,非法利用自然资源现象得不到制止;五、交通道路穿越保护区,影响动物基因交流;六、旅游开发缺乏统一管理。采取的对策主要是:一、在主要动物活动地带建立联合管理区和生物走廊带;二、加强对老县城自然保护区的管理和投资;三、加强对穿越保护区公路沿线的管理;四、解决对资源的过度利用,开展社区共管工作;五、对旅游实行规范化管理;六、开展多种经营创收。

Some of the main problems existed in the Qingling Nature Reserves are analyzed, and strategies are proposed. The main problem are the following;(1)the shape, size and boundary demarcation of the Niubeiliang Nature Reserve are not appropriate;(2)the development of the nature reserves in the Qinling Mountains is not balanced ;(3)severe commercial timber harvesting still exist around the nature reserves;(4)agricultural encroachment and illegal abuse of the natural resources have not yet been stopped;(5)the national highways across the nature reserves has influenced the gene exchange of wildlife;(6)the development of tourism need systematic administration. In order to solve the problems above,the following strategies are proposed.(1)the co management areas and biological corridor should be established;(2)the administration and investment of the Laoxiancheng Reserve should be enhanced;(3)the management of the nature reserve along the highways should be strengthened;(4)the co-management with local community should be extended;(5)the standardized management of tourism should be taken;(6)the multi-business activities could be undertaken.

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