生物多样性 ›› 1998, Vol. 06 ›› Issue (4): 298-303.doi: 10.17520/biods.1998045

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

植物的交配系统与濒危植物的保护繁育策略

王崇云   

  1. (云南大学生态学与地植物学研究所,  昆明 650091)
  • 收稿日期:1997-07-18 修回日期:1998-01-20 出版日期:1998-11-20

Plant mating system in relation to strategies for the conservation and breeding of endangered species

WANG Chong-Yun   

  1. Institute of Ecology and Geobotany , Yunnan University , Kunming  650091
  • Received:1997-07-18 Revised:1998-01-20 Online:1998-11-20

植物的交配系统在理论上被视为影响种群遗传结构最为显著的因素之一。在具体实践中,指导着遗传育种和濒危植物的保护。本文首先剖析了交配系统及其相关的概念,并简要回顾交配系统研究的历史、重要的理论模型和方法。然后说明交配系统与种群遗传结构的具体关系,进而讨论交配系统在濒危植物进化与适应中的作用。最后说明交配系统的信息在就地与迁地保护中的重要性。

Plant mating system is theoretically considered as a significant factor which has the most apparent effects on population genetic structure.Therefore,it is practically useful in plant breeding and the conservation of endangered species.In this paper,the meaning and definition of mating system was discussed and the past research on mating system was reviewed, including traditional and model methods. The relationship between  mating  system  and genetic structure of population was then discussed in detail. Mating  system plays an important role in  endangered  species  evolution  and  adaptation.Detailed  knowledge  about  mating  system  is  greatly   helpful   in   the conservation and breeding of such species in situ and ex situ.

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