生物多样性 ›› 1998, Vol. 06 ›› Issue (2): 105-115.doi: 10.17520/biods.1998016

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中华虎凤蝶栖息地、生物学和保护现状

袁德成, 买国庆, 薛大勇, 胡萃, 叶恭银   

  1. (中国科学院动物研究所,  北京 100080)
    (浙江农业大学植物保护系,  杭州 310029)
  • 收稿日期:1997-09-29 修回日期:1997-12-25 出版日期:1998-05-20

The habitat, biology and conservation status of Luehdorfia chinensis (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae)

YUAN De-Cheng1), MAI Guo-Qing1), XUE Da-Yong1), HU Cui2), YE Gong-Yin2)   

  1. 1) Institute of Zoology , the Chinese Academy of Sciences , Beijing 100080
    2) Department of Plant Protection , Zhejiang Agricultural University , Hangzhou 310029
  • Received:1997-09-29 Revised:1997-12-25 Online:1998-05-20

本文为1992~1996年期间中华虎凤蝶分布和生物学研究结果的总结。中华虎凤蝶现仅分布在我国中部秦岭山脉和长江中下游一带,栖息地多为次生林,可分为长江中下游低地类型和秦岭山脉高山类型。低地类型的寄主植物为杜衡,人为干扰严重;高山类型的寄主植物为细辛,人为干扰较轻。中华虎凤蝶幼期发生历期和存活受光照、温度、湿度等气候因素影响显著。其种群分布格局属典型的异质种群类型。栖息地丧失和退化及寄主植物的过度人为利用是其持续生存的主要致危因素。其种群现状满足IUCN红色名录等级新标准下列条款:VULNERABLE :A1a, c, d + 2c,应定为易危物种。文中还提出了相应的保护对策和进一步研究的内容。

This paper is a summary of the studies on the distribution and biology of Chinese Luehdorfia Butterfly ( Luehdorfia chinensis) , carried out from 1992 to 1996. Currently this butterfly is narrowly distributed along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and in Qinling Mountains in Central China. Its habitats , mostly secondary forests , can be characterized into two types : lowerland type and higher mountain type. Habitats of lower land type with Asarum forbesii as its hostplant are more seriously disturbed by human activities than habitats of higher mountain type , where the hostplant is Asarum sieboldii . The population distribution pattern of this butterfly is of the typical metapopulation. The principal threats to the continued existence of the species are (1) habitat loss and degradation , and (2) the over2harvesting of its hostplants for medicinal use. Its population status meets the following items of the IUCN new criteria for endangered species : VULNERABL E :A1a , c , d + 2c , and the species should be classified as Vulnerable. Conservation strategy and further research programs are suggested accordingly.

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