生物多样性

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榕树-传粉者共生体系的研究*

陈勇, 李宏庆, 马炜梁   

  • 出版日期:1997-02-20

Research on the mutualism system of fig trees and its pollinators

Chen Yong1)/Li Hongqing2) Ma Weiliang2)   

  • Online:1997-02-20

榕属(Ficus)植物与它的传粉昆虫榕小蜂之间有着专一性的互惠共生关系,它们是动植物间历史悠久关系最密切的共生伙伴,它们在形态结构、生理功能、生活史同步上构成了榕树-传粉者共生体系并协同进化至今,本文论述了榕属植物和榕小蜂的生物学特征以及二者的相互作用,阐述了榕树-传粉者共生体系的构成,维持及其生物学意义。

Fig trees have mutualism relation with their pollination insect.They are mutualism partner with closest relation and long history between animals and plants.They have formed figs-pollinators mutualism system in structure,physiological function and life cycle synchronism,and coevolution in coordination up to now.This paper discusses the biological feature of fig trees and wasps,and interaction between them.It also expounds the formation,maintenance and biological significance of  figs-pollinators mutualism system.

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