生物多样性 ›› 1994, Vol. 02 ›› Issue (2): 96-102.doi: 10.17520/biods.1994018

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

抗病原菌植物基因工程进展

崔晓江, 彭学贤   

  1. (中国科学院微生物研究所,北京 100080)
  • 收稿日期:1993-11-23 出版日期:1994-05-20

Advances of plant genetic engineering in anti-microbial pathogens

Cui Xiaojiang, Peng Xuexian   

  1. Institute of Microbiology,Academia Sinica,Beijing 100080
  • Received:1993-11-23 Online:1994-05-20

植物病原菌给农林生产带来巨大的损失,植物基因工程在培育抗病原菌植物方面是传统育种技术的补充和发展,短短几年,在抗细菌和抗真菌植物基因工程方面出现了一些全新的成功策略,这些范例都是针对病原菌的生理结构、致病机理及与植物的相互关系。本文概括论述了这些策略的基本思路并对其局限性加以探讨。随着植物病理学、植物分子生物学和病原菌分子生物学的研究进展,新的抗性策略将会出现。

Plant microbial pathogens bring about great damage to agricultural and forestry economy every year. Plantgenetic engineering is the complement and development of traditional breeding techniques in protecting plantsagainst microbial disease. In recent years, novel strategies have been emerging for breeding antibacterial orantifungi plants in plant genetic engineering. These examples are based on the clarification of microbial physiologic structure, pathogenetic mechanism and plant-microbe interactions. Integration of these stragetiesshould make further contributions to effective field resistance. Cloning of disease resistance genes, moleculardissection of signal transduction mechanism and identification of virulence genes will provide attractive newopportunities for enhancing crop protection.

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