生物多样性 ›› 1994, Vol. 02 ›› Issue (2): 63-67.doi: 10.17520/biods.1994012

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国海物种的一般特点

黄宗国   

  1. (国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,厦门 361005)
  • 收稿日期:1993-09-21 修回日期:1993-11-04 出版日期:1994-05-20

General characteristics of the species in China seas

Huang Zongguo   

  1. Third Institute of Oceanography,State Oceanic Administration,Xiamen 361005
  • Received:1993-09-21 Revised:1993-11-04 Online:1994-05-20

中国海已记录20 278个物种,它们隶属于5个界、44个门,其中,有12个门是海洋特有的。中国海洋的物种比淡水多,比陆地少。物种数由北往南递增。中国海洋的物种有暖水种、温水种和广分布种。许多热带海洋生物分布的北界和一些温带海洋生物分布的的南缘就在中国海域。

20 278 species,belonging to 5kingdom and 44 phyla,have been recorded in China seas.Among them 12?phyla are exclusive marine species.The numbers of species in sea exesses that in fresh water and is less than??? that on the terrestrial and it increases northward.It covers the species from Warm-water,temperate-water??? to the cosmopolitan.The north marginal distribution boundary of many tropic marine organisms and the??south distribution of some temperate marine species is just delimited in China seas.

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