生物多样性 ›› 1994, Vol. 02 ›› Issue (1): 44-48.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1994010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物多样性丧失与保护的经济分析

冯维波   

  1. (中国科学院兰州文献情报中心,兰州 730000)
  • 收稿日期:1993-10-19 出版日期:1994-02-20 发布日期:1994-02-20

Economic analysis of the loss and conservation of biodiversity

Feng Weibo   

  1. LanZhou Documentation and Information Centre,Academia Sinica,LanZhou 730000
  • Received:1993-10-19 Online:1994-02-20 Published:1994-02-20

摘要: 在阐述生物多样性丧失现状的基础上,分析了生物多样性丧失的根源不在于物种和生境本身,而在于当今引导人们经济活动的经济体系,特别是其中的价格体系没有全面准确地反映出生物多样性的各种价值,致使人类社会无代价地滥用生物资源和破坏生态环境,提出了加强生物多样性保护的经济措施就在于运用生态经济规律对当今不完善的经济体系进行修正。

Abstract: Biodiversity is a kind of precious natural resource and becomes cornerstone of mankind society's sustainable development.This paper at first introduces the present situaiton of the loss in the world's biodiversity,analyses that the source resulting in biodiversity to lose is not in species and habitats themselves,but in the current e- conomic system leading to the economic action of mankind,especially the price system in which doesn't complitely,exactly reflect all kinds of value in biodiversity.Finally,putting forward some economic measures of conserving biodiversity.