生物多样性 ›› 1994, Vol. 02 ›› Issue (1): 16-20.doi: 10.17520/biods.1994003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国候鸟环志的研究

张孚允   

  1. (全国鸟类环志中心,北京 100091)
  • 收稿日期:1993-08-19 出版日期:1994-02-20

The research of Chinese migratory bird banding

Zhang Fuyun   

  1. National Bird Banding Certre,Beijing 100091
  • Received:1993-08-19 Online:1994-02-20

环志是研究鸟类迁徙最简单有效的科学方法。中国从1982年开始建立全国鸟类环志中心以来,在林业部的领导下至 1990年先后建立了候鸟环志站、点 60处,共计环志了候鸟 186种 62 755只,同期回收 到国内外环志鸟413只。回收环志鸟提供了东亚地区候鸟迁徙的宝贵信息,证实了:1.候鸟迁徙可自喜马拉雅山脉飞越;2.中国候鸟迁徙路线和推论是正确的;3.中国东北繁殖的白枕鹤飞往日本九洲南部越冬,丹顶鹤等迁往东部沿海、长江中下游几处湿地越冬,与来自俄罗斯西伯利亚的部分鹤在相同地区越冬;4.某些鸟种迁徙路线在与日本同种候鸟迁徙路线比较后,表明在西太平洋地区,通过中国和日本存在着两条平行的自南向北迁徙的路线。其他信息也指出了更多的情况,同时也表明中国环志研究在西太平洋迁徙候鸟研究中处于关键性的地位。

Bird banding is the simpliest,but most efficent scientific means to reveal avian migration.Since the construc-tion of National Bird Banding Centre of China in 1982,more than 60 banding stations and sites have been set up under the leadership of the Ministry of Forestry until 1990,and 62 755individals of 186 migrants species have been banded,413 of them recovered in China or abroad.The recoveries of migrants have offered mo - mentous information for East Asia avian migration studies.It has been proved that:1 .Birds can fly over Hi- malayas on their passage ways;2.The speculation of Chinese bird migration routines is correct; 3.White - naped Cranes breeding in Northeast China fly to Kiushu in Ssouthern Japan for Wintering.japanese Cranes and some others migrate along eastern coast and winter in lower part of Yangtze River wetlands,sharing the same places with cranes from Siberia in Russia ; 4.Comparison of passage ways of some species with those of the same ones in Japan indicated that,there are two parallel from - south- to- north routines through China and Japan in West Pacific region.There are more data to show more conlusions;in the mean while,they also in- dicated the key position China stands in migration studies of West Pacific.

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