生物多样性 ›› 2007, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (2): 109-115.doi: 10.1360/biodiv.060293

所属专题: 最后的前沿--土壤生物多样性 生物多样性与生态系统功能

• 论文 •    下一篇

土壤生物多样性的研究概况与发展趋势

傅声雷   

  1. 中国科学院华南植物园, 广州 510650
  • 收稿日期:2006-11-23 修回日期:2007-01-10 出版日期:2007-03-20

A review and perspective on soil biodiversity research

Shenglei Fu   

  1. South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
  • Received:2006-11-23 Revised:2007-01-10 Online:2007-03-20

本文概括性地介绍了土壤生物类群的多样性及其在生态系统中的作用; 同时简要地回顾和比较了国内外在土壤生物学方面的研究动态, 分析了土壤生物学今后的发展趋势。鉴于土壤生物在生态系统中的重要性以及我国在土壤生物学研究方面的不足, 《生物多样性》本期刊登了一系列有关土壤生物的文章, 目的是为了使国内科学家对土壤生物多样性在生态系统中的作用有更好的认识, 并希望能够唤起更多的年轻学者加入到土壤生物学研究的行列, 以推动土壤生物学在我国的迅速发展并将土壤生物学的研究成果应用于国民经济的发展中。

In this paper, the soil biodiversity and its functioning in ecosystem were briefly summarized, and the history and development of the discipline of soil biology were also reviewed. Meanwhile, I pointed out some issues on soil biology to be addressed for a few years to come. Due to the importance of soil biodiversity to the maintenance of ecosystem functions but inadequate study on soil biota in China, a series of articles on soil biota were collectively published in this issue of Biodiversity Science. The objectives of this issue were to enable the Chinese scientists to better understand the functions of soil biodiversity and to stimulate the interest of young scholars in the discipline of soil biology. The ultimate goal was to push forward the research and development of soil biology in China and to apply the knowledge and techniques of soil biology in the development of national economy.

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