生物多样性 ›› 2007, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 319-328.doi: 10.1360/biodiv.060225

• 论文 • 上一篇    

《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》与我国遗传资源管理对策

周志华1, 2 , 蒋志刚1, 3*   

  1. 1 (中国科学院动物研究所动物生态与保护生物学重点实验室, 北京 100080)
    2 (中华人民共和国濒危物种进出口管理办公室, 北京 100714)
    3 (中华人民共和国濒危物种科学委员会, 北京 100080)
  • 出版日期:2007-05-20

CITES and genetic resource management in China

Zhihua Zhou1, 2 , Zhigang Jiang 1, 3*   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bei-jing 100080
    2 The Endangered Species Import and Export Management Office of the P. R. China, Beijing 100714
    3 Endangered Species Scientific Commission of the P. R. China, Beijing 100080
  • Online:2007-05-20

遗传资源是21世纪的战略资源之一, 是当代国际谈判中的热点问题。本文首先分析了《濒危野生动植物种国际贸易公约》(Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, CITES)的运作机制、该公约涉及的遗传资源管理的条款及其对我国遗传资源管理的影响, 简要回顾了我国在CITES履约与遗传资源方面的立法和管理现状, 指出我国遗传资源管理领域亟待解决管理部门过多、立法不足、缺少明确的对外政策和国家战略、资源本底情况不详、产权划分不清、没有建立有利于野生动植物遗传资源保护与利用的经济调控机制等问题。最后, 我们提出了制定国家战略、建立遗传资源的协调管理机制、将遗传资源保护问题纳入相关法规、开展野生动植物遗传资源状况调查、建立有利于遗传资源保护的经济机制等解决对策。

Genetic resource is a strategic resource of the 21st century and a hot topic in recent international negotiations. We firstly analyzed the operation mechanism of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), and the genetic resource issue in the domain of CITES, then we discussed the legislation and its impact on the management of genetic resource in China. We also briefly reviewed implementation of CITES and legislation on genetic resource management in China. We pointed out that problems regarding genetic resource which urgently need to be resolved, including divided duty among multi-authorities, inadequate legislation, and lacking of clear national policy and strategic view, lacking of information, unclear property rights and lacking economic mechanism which benefits conservation and utilization of genetic resources of wild fauna and flora. Finally, we propose resolutions for resolving above problems, such as formulating national strategy, establishing coherent management mechanism, integrating the genetic resources issue into relevant regulations, conducting surveys on genetic resources of wild fauna and flora, establishing economic mechanism which benefits the conservation of genetic resources.

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