生物多样性 ›› 1998, Vol. 06 ›› Issue (4): 272-277.DOI: 10.17520/biods.1998040

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

云南鱼类多样性和面临的危机

陈银瑞,杨君兴,李再云   

  1. (中国科学院昆明动物研究所,  昆明 650223)
  • 收稿日期:1997-09-09 修回日期:1998-05-20 出版日期:1998-11-20 发布日期:1998-11-20

The diversity and present status of fishes in Yunnan Province

CHEN Yin-Rui, YANG Jun-Xing, LI Zai-Yun   

  1. Kunming Institute of Zoology , the Chinese Academy of Sciences , Kunming  650223
  • Received:1997-09-09 Revised:1998-05-20 Online:1998-11-20 Published:1998-11-20

摘要:

根据《云南鱼类志》记载,云南共有土著淡水鱼类382种,居全国各省区之首。在《云南鱼类志》出版后的近10年间,云南又记载鱼类新种新纪录50种,相当于国内其它省区自1985~1997年间发现新种的总和,迄今共记载云南土著鱼类432种,占全国淡水鱼类总种数1023种的42.2%,显示云南是我国淡水鱼类多样性最为丰富的省区之一。与此同时,全省大约有1/3的种类日趋减少或濒临绝灭,湖泊鱼类尤为突出,濒危种几乎达到2/3,表明云南鱼类多样性面临严重危机的事实。

Abstract:

Yunnan is among the provinces with the highest  species diversity, genetic diversity and ecosystem diversity of freshwater fishes. This paper reported the present situation and endangered status of fishes in Yunnan  with comments on the causes. The present policies and measures taken for biodiversity conservation of fishes were also introduced.