生物多样性 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (2): 243-246.doi: 10.17520/biods.2015017

所属专题: 中国生物物种编目进展

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中国裸子植物的多样性和地理分布

杨永*()   

  1. 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100093
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-29 接受日期:2015-03-17 出版日期:2015-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 杨永 E-mail:ephedra@ibcas.ac.cn
  • 基金项目:
    科技部标本资源共享平台项目和国家自然科学基金(J1310002, 31270238, 31470301)

Diversity and distribution of gymnosperms in China

Yong Yang*()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:2015-01-29 Accepted:2015-03-17 Online:2015-03-20
  • Contact: Yang Yong E-mail:ephedra@ibcas.ac.cn

图1

中国裸子植物种和种下接受名称数量的历史变化"

表1

裸子植物在全国各省的分布统计"

省份 Province 科 Family 属 Genus 种 Species
黑龙江 Heilongjiang 4(40%) 7(15.6%) 16(6.2%)
吉林 Jilin 4(40%) 9(20.0%) 15(5.8%)
辽宁 Liaoning 4(40%) 9(20.0%) 23(8.8%)
内蒙古 Nei Mongol 3(30%) 6(13.3%) 20(7.7%)
宁夏 Ningxia 3(30%) 4(8.9%) 11(4.2%)
甘肃 Gansu 4(40%) 15(33.3%) 45(17.3%)
青海 Qinghai 3(30%) 5(11.1%) 26(10.0%)
新疆 Xinjiang 3(30%) 6(13.3%) 17(6.5%)
陕西 Shaanxi 5(50%) 17(37.8%) 35(13.5%)
河北 Hebei 3(30%) 8(17.8%) 14(5.4%)
北京 Beijing 4(40%) 7(15.6%) 11(4.2%)
山西 Shanxi 3(30%) 6(13.3%) 13(5.0%)
山东 Shandong 5(50%) 15(33.3%) 26(10.0%)
河南 Henan 3(30%) 16(35.6%) 29(11.2%)
安徽 Anhui 4(40%) 15(33.3%) 28(10.8%)
浙江 Zhejiang 6(60%) 28(62.2%) 49(18.8%)
江苏 Jiangsu 5(50%) 20(44.4%) 51(19.6%)
上海 Shanghai 2(20%) 2(4.4%) 2(0.8%)
福建 Fujian 7(70%) 27(60.0%) 50(19.2%)
西藏 Xizang 5(50%) 15(33.3%) 57(21.9%)
云南 Yunnan 8(80%) 31(68.9%) 102(39.2%)
四川 Sichuan 6(60%) 26(57.8%) 81(31.2%)
重庆 Chongqing 4(40%) 8(17.8%) 8(3.1%)
贵州 Guizhou 8(80%) 27(60.0%) 50(19.2%)
湖北 Hubei 6(60%) 25(55.6%) 49(18.8%)
湖南 Hunan 6(60%) 25(55.6%) 39(15.0%)
江西 Jiangxi 6(60%) 32(71.1%) 69(26.5%)
广西 Guangxi 7(70%) 32(71.1%) 68(26.2%)
广东 Guangdong 7(70%) 26(57.8%) 46(17.7%)
海南 Hainan 7(70%) 12(26.7%) 22(8.5%)
香港 Hong Kong 6(60%) 8(17.8%) 12(4.6%)
台湾 Taiwan 5(50%) 20(44.4%) 35(13.5%)
澳门 Macau 3(30%) 3(6.7%) 4(1.5%)
总计 Total 10 45 260

附表1

裸子植物6个系统的比较"


Family
Pilger, 1926 Pilger & Melchior, 1954
Class
Cheng & Fu, 1978 Kubitzkii, 1990; Page, 1990;
Johnson & Wilson, 1990
Fu et al., 2004 Christenhusz et al., 2011
Cycadaceae Cycadales Cycadopsida Cycadopsida Cycadatae Cycadopsida Cycadidae
Boweniaceae Cycadatae
Stangeriaceae Cycadatae
Zamiaceae Cycadatae Cycadidae
Ginkgoaceae Gingoales Cycadopsida Ginkgopsida Ginkgoatae Coniferopsida-Multinervidae Ginkgoidae
Araucariaceae Coniferae Coniferopsida Coniferopsida Pinatae Coniferopsida-Multinervidae Pinidae
Podocarpaceae Coniferae Coniferopsida Coniferopsida Pinatae Coniferopsida-Taxidae Pinidae
Nageiaceae Coniferopsida-Multinervidae
Phyllocladaceae Pinatae
Pinaceae
Taxodiaceae
Cupressaceae
Coniferae
Coniferae
Coniferae
Coniferopsida
Coniferopsida
Coniferopsida
Coniferopsida
Coniferopsida
Coniferopsida
Pinatae
Pinatae
Pinatae
Coniferopsida-Taxidae

Coniferopsida-Taxidae
Pinidae
Sciadopityaceae Pinatae Pinidae
Cephalotaxaceae Coniferae Coniferopsida Coniferopsida Pinatae Coniferopsida-Taxidae Pinidae
Taxaceae Coniferae Taxopsida Coniferopsida Pinatae Coniferopsida-Taxidae Pinidae
Ephedraceae Gnetales Chlamydospermae Chlamydospermopsida Gnetatae Coniferopsida-Multinervidae Gnetidae
Welwitschiaceae Gnetales Chlamydospermae Chlamydospermopsida Gnetatae Coniferopsida-Multinervidae Gnetidae
Gnetaceae Gnetales Chlamydospermae Chlamydospermopsida Gnetatae Coniferopsida-Multinervidae Gnetidae

附表2

中国裸子植物属的多样性:Flora of China (FOC)和本文的比较"

亚纲
Subclass

Order
科名
Family
亚科
Subfamily

Genus
种数 No. of species
FOC This study
苏铁亚纲Cycadidae 苏铁目Cycadales 苏铁科Cycadaceae 苏铁属Cycas L. 16 28
银杏亚纲Ginkgoidae 银杏目Ginkgoales *银杏科Ginkgoaceae *银杏属Ginkgo L. 1 1
买麻藤亚纲 Gnetidae 买麻藤目Gnetales 买麻藤科Gnetaceae 买麻藤属Gnetum L. 9 10
麻黄目Ephedrales 麻黄科Ephedraceae 麻黄属Ephedra L. 14 16
松柏亚纲 Pinidae 松目
Pinales
松科Pinaceae 松亚科Pinoideae 松属Pinus L. 39 42
*银杉属Cathaya Chun et Kuang 1 1
云杉属Picea A. Dietrich 18 21
落叶松亚科Laricoideae 落叶松属Larix Miller 11 8
黄杉属Pseudotsuga Carrière 5 5
冷杉亚科Abietoideae 冷杉属Abies Miller 22 21
雪松属Cedrus Trew 2 2
油杉属Keteleeria Carrière 5 3
*长苞铁杉属Nothotsuga Hu ex C. N. Page 1
*金钱松属Pseudolarix Gordon 1 1
铁杉属Tsuga (Endlicher) Carrière 4 4
南洋杉目Araucariales #南洋杉科Araucariaceae #南洋杉属Araucaria Jussieu 3 3
#贝壳杉属Agathis Salisbury 1 1
罗汉松科Podocarpaceae 鸡毛松属Dacrycarpus (Endlicher) de Laub. 1 1
竹柏属Nageia Gaertner 3 3
罗汉松属Podocarpus L’Heritier ex Persoon 7 8
陆均松属Dacrydium Solander ex G. Forster 1 1
柏目Cupressales 金松科Sciadopityaceae #金松属Sciadopitys Siebold et Zucc. 1 1
柏科Cupressaceae 杉木亚科Cunninghamioideae 杉木属Cunninghamia R. Brown ex Richard et A. Richard 1 2
台湾杉亚科Taiwanioideae 台湾杉属Taiwania Hayata 1 1
红杉亚科Sequoioideae *水杉属Metasequoia Hu et W. C. Cheng 1 1
#红杉属Sequoia Endlicher 1 1
#巨杉属Sequoiadendron J. Buchholz 1 1
落羽杉亚科Taxodioideae 柳杉属Cryptomeria D. Don 1 1
水松属Glyptostrobus Endl. 1 1
#落羽杉属Taxodium Richard 2 2
柏木亚科Cupressoideae #罗汉柏属Thujopsis Siebold et Zucc. ex Endlicher 1 1
崖柏属Thuja L. 5 5
侧柏属Platycladus Spach 1 1
福建柏属Fokienia A. Henry et H. H. Thomas 1 1
扁柏属Chamaecyparis Spach 5 5
翠柏属Calocedrus Kurz 1 3
刺柏属Juniperus L. 23 21
柏木属Cupressus L. 9 6
黄金柏属Xanthocyparis Farjon et Hiep 1
#美洲柏木属Hesperocyparis Bartel et R. A. Price 3
红豆杉科 红豆杉属Taxus L. 3 5
Taxaceae *白豆杉属Pseudotaxus W. C. Cheng 1 1
三尖杉属Cephalotaxus Siebold et Zucc. ex Endlicher 6 7
穗花杉属Amentotaxus Pilger 3 3
榧属Torreya Arnott 4 5
总计Total 7 10 45 237 260
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