生物多样性 ›› 1997, Vol. 05 ›› Issue (1): 26-30.doi: 10.17520/biods.1997004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

小麦的野生近缘植物——旱麦草属

张继益, 董玉琛   

  1. (中国农科院品种资源研究所,北京 100081)
  • 收稿日期:1995-11-16 修回日期:1996-05-22 出版日期:1997-02-20

Eremopyrum—The wild relatives of wheat

Zhang Jiyi, Dong Yushen   

  1. Institute of Crop Germplasm Resources,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081
  • Received:1995-11-16 Revised:1996-05-22 Online:1997-02-20

旱麦草属最早提出于1851年。经本世纪30年代的形态分类研究和50~60年代的细胞学研究,基本确立了该属的分类地位和属下物种划分,但仍有一些分类问题未能解决。该属植物与小麦族内6个属的8个物种进行了成功的杂交,证明旱麦草属与这些属种的遗传关系较远。东方旱麦草与普通小麦已杂交成功,转移其外源种质的工作正在进行中。

The genus of Eremopyrum was established in 1851s.After the morphylogical taxonomy studies in 1930s and cytological researches during 1950s~1960s,the status of the genus was admitted and the species under this genus were identified.However,there are still some taxonomy problems existing.Some species have been hybrized with 8 taxa belonging respectively to 6 genera,including common wheat.The results show that Eremopyrum has a distant evolution relationship with these all.

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