生物多样性

• 论文 • 上一篇    

生物保护的经济学

马克明*, 白雪   

  1. (中国科学院生态环境研究中心系统生态重点实验室, 北京 100085)
  • 收稿日期:2005-06-22 修回日期:2006-03-11 出版日期:2006-05-20
  • 通讯作者: 马克明

Economics in biological conservation

Keming Ma*, Xue Bai   

  1. Key Lab of Systems Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085
  • Received:2005-06-22 Revised:2006-03-11 Online:2006-05-20
  • Contact: Keming Ma

生物保护研究已经从保护生物学发展到保护生态学, 在社会经济因素对自然保护影响日益广泛深刻的今天, 我们应该更加主动地从经济学角度进行生物多样性保护。建立自然保护区是生物多样性就地保护的重要措施之一。目前的自然保护区管理研究基本上是以生物学和生态学为主, 缺乏系统的经济学考虑, 导致一些自然保护区的管理效果不理想, 可持续性受到威胁。本文在回顾生物保护的相关经济学研究的同时, 提出保护经济学的概念和研究框架, 以期为自然保护区的经济管理提供一种新思路, 为管理部门的保护投资决策提供支持。

Research in biological conservation has developed from conservation biology into conservation ecology. As the influence of societal and economic factors on biological conservation become more and more broad and profound, it is time now to further develop the field of conservation economics. Establishing nature reserves is one of the most important approaches for in situ biodiversity conservation. Unfortunately, present nature reserve management is mainly focused on biological and ecological aspects, economic considerations are badly lacking, which has led to some unsuccessful conservation practices and threats to sustainability. On the basis of reviewing relevant progress in economic studies on biological conservation, a concept and framework of conservation economics is proposed to provide a new approach for biological conservation from economic perspectives. Conservation economics is a more active approach to preserving biodiversity and managing nature reserves, and it will help conservation management authorities with investment deci-sion-making.

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