生物多样性 ›› 2005, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (6): 555-565.doi: 10.1360/biodiv.050058

• 论文 • 上一篇    

外来植物入侵对土壤生物多样性和生态系统过程的影响

陈慧丽, 李玉娟, 李博, 陈家宽, 吴纪华*   

  1. (复旦大学生物多样性科学研究所, 生物多样性与生态工程教育部重点实验室, 上海 200433)
  • 收稿日期:2005-03-09 修回日期:2005-07-07 出版日期:2005-11-20

Impacts of exotic plant invasions on soil biodiversity and ecosystem processes

Huili Chen, Yujuan Li, Bo Li, Jiakuan Chen, Jihua Wu*   

  1. Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:2005-03-09 Revised:2005-07-07 Online:2005-11-20

随着科学家对生态系统地下部分的重视, 评价外来植物入侵对土壤生态系统的影响成为当前入侵生态学领域的研究热点之一。本文综述了外来植物入侵对土壤微生物、土壤动物以及土壤碳、氮循环动态影响的研究, 并探讨了其影响机制。已有的研究表明, 植物入侵对土壤生物多样性及相关生态系统过程的影响均存在不一致的格局, 影响机制也是复杂多样的。外来植物与土著植物凋落物的质与量、根系特征、物候等多种生理生态特性的差异可能是形成格局多样性和影响机制复杂性的最主要原因。今后, 加强多尺度和多生态系统的比较研究、机制性研究、生物多样性和生态系统过程的整合性研究及土壤生态系统对植物入侵的反馈研究是评价外来植物入侵对土壤生态系统影响的发展趋势。

As increasing attention has been paid to below-ground ecosystems in recent years, the impact of exotic plant invasions on soil ecosystems has emerged as a central issue in invasion ecology. In this paper, effects of exotic plant invasions on soil biota and soil nutrient cycling processes are reviewed, and the mechanisms that underlie these impacts are discussed. The available literature suggests that no consistent pattern exists on the impacts of exotic plant invasions on soil microbes, soil animals, soil carbon cycling and nitrogen cycling. The mechanisms underlying the impacts of exotic plant invasions are also complex and diverse. The discrepancies most likely arise from the differences between invasive and native plants in a variety of physiological and ecological traits, such as litter quality and quantity, root distribution, and phenology. Future studies are recommended to (a) compare the impacts across multiple scales and multiple ecosystems; (b) intensify mechanical studies of the impacts; (c) link the impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem processes; and (d) explore the mutualistic interactions between soil ecosystems and exotic plants.

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