中国高等植物受威胁物种名录
覃海宁1,*, 杨永1,*, 董仕勇2,*, 何强1,*, 贾渝1, 赵莉娜1,3, 于胜祥1, 刘慧圆1,4, 刘博5, 严岳鸿6, 向建英7, 夏念和2, 彭华8, 李振宇1, 张志翔9, 何兴金10, 尹林克11, 林余霖12, 刘全儒4, 侯元同13, 刘演14, 刘启新15, 曹伟16, 李建强17, 陈世龙18, 金效华1, 高天刚1, 陈文俐1, 马海英19, 耿玉英20, 金孝锋21, 常朝阳22, 蒋宏23, 蔡蕾24, 臧春鑫25, 武建勇26, 叶建飞3,27, 赖阳均28, 刘冰1, 林秦文27, 薛纳新1
1 (中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 北京 100093)
2 (中国科学院华南植物园, 广州 510650)
3 (中国科学院大学生命科学学院, 北京 100049)
4 (北京师范大学生命科学学院, 北京 100875)
5 (中央民族大学生命科学学院, 北京 100081)
6 (上海辰山植物园, 中国科学院上海辰山植物科学研究中心, 上海 201602)
7 (西南林业大学云南生物多样性研究院, 昆明 650224)
8 (中国科学院昆明植物研究所东亚植物多样性与生物地理学重点实验室, 昆明 650201)
9 (北京林业大学自然保护区学院, 北京 100083)
10 (四川大学生命科学学院, 成都 610064)
11 (中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所, 乌鲁木齐 830011)
12 (中国医学科学院北京协和医学院药用植物研究所, 北京 100193)
13 (曲阜师范大学生命科学院, 山东曲阜 273165)
14 (广西壮族自治区中国科学院广西植物研究所, 广西桂林 541006)
15 (江苏省中国科学院植物研究所, 南京 210014)
16 (中国科学院沈阳应用生态研究所, 沈阳 110016)
17 (中国科学院武汉植物园, 武汉 430074)
18 (中国科学院西北高原生物研究所, 西宁 810008)
19 (云南大学生命科学学院, 昆明 650091)
20 (中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 北京 100093)
21 (杭州师范大学生命与环境科学学院, 杭州 310036)
22 (西北农林科技大学生命科学学院, 陕西杨凌 712100)
23 (云南省林业科学院, 昆明 650204)
24 (环境保护部自然生态保护司, 北京 100035)
25 (中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012)
26 (环境保护部南京环境科学研究所, 南京 210042)
27 (中国科学院植物研究所北京植物园, 北京 100093)
28 (中国科学院南京地质古生物研究所, 南京 210008)
* 共同通讯作者. E-mail: hainingqin@ibcas.ac.cn; ephedra@ibcas.ac.cn; dongshiyong@scib.ac.cn; heqiang@ibcas.ac.cn
摘要
doi: 10.17520/biods.2017144
Threatened Species List of China’s Higher Plants
Haining Qin1,*, Yong Yang1,*, Shiyong Dong2,*, Qiang He1,*, Yu Jia1, Lina Zhao1,3, Shengxiang Yu1, Huiyuan Liu1,4, Bo Liu5, Yuehong Yan6, Jianying Xiang7, Nianhe Xia2, Hua Peng8, Zhenyu Li1, Zhixiang Zhang9, Xingjin He10, Linke Yin11, Yulin Lin12, Quanru Liu4, Yuantong Hou13, Yan Liu14, Qixin Liu15, Wei Cao16, Jianqiang Li17, Shilong Chen18, Xiaohua Jin1, Tiangang Gao1, Wenli Chen1, Haiying Ma19, Yuying Geng20, Xiaofeng Jin21, Chaoyang Chang22, Hong Jiang23, Lei Cai24, Chunxin Zang25, Jianyong Wu26, Jianfei Ye3,27, Yangjun Lai28, Bing Liu1, Qinwen Lin27, Naxin Xue1
1 State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
2 South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
3 College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
4 School of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
5 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Minzu University of China, Beijing 100081
6 Shanghai Chenshan Plant Science Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden, Shanghai 201602
7 Yunnan Academy of Biodiversity, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224
8 Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650201
9 School of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
10 College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064
11 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011
12 Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medicinal College, Beijing 100193;
13 College of Life Sciences, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, Shandong 273165
14 Guangxi Institute of Botany, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guilin, Guangxi 541006
15 Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014
16 Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016
17 Wuhan Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074
18 Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008
19 School of Life Sciences, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091
20 State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
21 College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Hangzhou Normal Uuniversity, Hangzhou 310036
22 College of Life Sciences, Northwest Agriculture & Forestry University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100;
23 Yunnan Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650204
24 Department of Nature and Ecology Conservation, Ministry of Environment Protection, Beijing 100035
25 Chinese Research Academy of Environment Sciences, Beijing 100012
26 Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Nanjing 210042
27 Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
28 Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008;

2008年, 环境保护部和中国科学院联合启动了《中国生物多样性红色名录— — 高等植物卷》的编制工作。通过这项工作, 我们依据IUCN濒危物种红色名录标准对中国野生高等植物的濒危状况进行了全面评估, 编制了中国高等植物红色名录。2013年9月, 该名录以环境保护部、中国科学院第54号公告形式发布, 即《中国生物多样性红色名录— — 高等植物卷》(http://www.zhb.gov.cn/gkml/hbb/bgg/ 201309/t20130912_260061.htm/)。本文以该名录为基础, 依据2013年以后的新资料对名录及等级等信息进行了少量更新(董仕勇等, 2017; 何强和贾渝, 2017; 覃海宁等, 2017; 杨永等, 2017)。因篇幅所限, 本文仅列出了其中受威胁等级为极危(CR)、濒危(EN)和易危(VU)的物种, 即受威胁物种, 共3, 879种, 构成《中国高等植物受威胁物种名录》, 每个物种包括学名、中文名、特有性, 以及IUCN红色名录等级和标准等信息。

《中国高等植物红色名录》编研过程中汇集了全国300余位专家的智慧, 覆盖了中国本土分布的所有高等植物, 评估了35, 784种, 其中被子植物30, 068种, 裸子植物251种, 石松类及蕨类植物2, 244种, 苔藓植物3, 221种。这是迄今为止评估对象最全、信息最新、参与专家人数最多的一次中国高等植物野外濒危现状的评估。

本次评估主要依据IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (Version 3.1, Second edition, 2012)标准, 并参考Guidelines for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels (Version 4.0, 2012)确立中国高等植物红色名录的评估标准, 共使用了灭绝(Extinct, EX)、野外灭绝(Extinct in the Wild, EW)、地区灭绝(Regionally Extinct, RE)、极危(Critically Endangered, CR)、濒危(Endangered, EN)、易危(Vulnerable, VU)、近危(Near Threatened, NT)、无危(Least Concern, LC)、数据缺乏(Data Deficient, DD)等9个IUCN红色名录等级(IUCN, 2012a, b)。

红色名录评估过程包括确定评估对象、收集物种信息、评估和审核等4个步骤(覃海宁等, 2017)。以被子植物评估结果审核为例, 项目组在广州、桂林、昆明、武汉、南京和北京等6座城市共召开了8场现场审核会议, 共有87位专家接受项目组成员组织的一对一审核活动。为了保证整个评估的专业性, 项目组还邀请中国科学院生物类研究所和高校等多家单位的19位权威专家组成《中国高等植物红色名录》指导委员会, 负责审查项目组提出的评估方案及评估原则、审查年度进展报告, 并对红色名录评估结果(等级)进行复核。项目组共在北京召开了4次指导委员会会议。

对中国高等植物35, 784种的红色名录评估结果显示, 有21种评定为灭绝(EX), 9种野外灭绝(EW), 10种地区灭绝(RE), 614种极危(CR), 1, 313种濒危(EN), 1, 952种易危(VU), 2, 818种近危(NT), 24, 243种无危(LC), 4, 804种数据缺乏(DD)。统计结果显示, 有3, 879种为受威胁物种(即CR, EN和VU等级的物种), 占评估物种的10.84%。

文中参考文献见http://www.biodiversity-science. net/fileup/PDF/2017-144-1.pdf。

In 2008, the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) in co-operation with Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) initiated work on a comprehensive new edition of the Red List of the Chinese flora. The project, namedChina Biodiversity Red List— Higher Plants, extended to 2013. We assessed the threatened status of all known species of higher plants in China to produce the Red List of China Higher Plants (RLCHP). In September 2013, the RLCHP was officially released in the form of a joint announcement by MEP and CAS (http://www.zhb.gov.cn/gkml/hbb/bgg/ 201309/t20130912_260061.htm/).

In the present paper, we report on the revised 2013 Red List through the use of new literature and data (Dong et al, 2017; He & Jia, 2017; Qin et al, 2017; Yang et al, 2017). Due to space limitations, we list only 3, 879 threatened species, i.e. species categorized as Critically Endagnered (CR), Endangered (EN) and Vulnerable (VU). The data include the scientific name of each species, the Chinese name, endemism, red list category and criterion for assigning the designation.

We invited more than 300 experts to contribute survival information of species and/or to review the assessments. The RLCHP covers 35, 784 species, including 30, 068 species of angiosperms, 251 species of gymnosperms, 2, 244 species of lycophytes and ferns, and 3, 221 species of bryophytes. This is the first Red List that covers the entire Chinese flora, and the number of experts involved and data used are much more than in previous analyses.

Two documents were used as a standard in this assessment: IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria(Version 3.1, Second edition) (IUCN, 2012a) and Guideline for Application of IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional and National Levels (Version 4.0) (IUCN, 2012b). Nine IUCN Red List categories were applied to the RLCHP: Extinct (EX), Extinct in the Wild (EW), Regionally Extinct (RE), Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU), Near Threatened (NT), Least Concern (LC), and Data Deficient (DD).

Four steps were applied in the assessment: setting up a baseline checklist, collecting data, species assessment and review. For instance, during the review of the angiosperms assessments, eight expert meetings were held in six cities (Guangzhou, Guilin, Kunming, Wuhan, Nanjing and Beijing), and 87 experts took part in one-on-one interviews with staff members of the program. To guarantee professional results of the assessment, we invited 19 leading experts from institutions of CAS and universities to join the red list steering committee. The committee was responsible for examining and approving the assessment methodology, examining the annual report and reviewing the results of the assessments. Four steering committee meetings were held in Beijing between 2008 and 2012.

Of the 35, 784 assessed species of China higher plants, 21 species are Extinct (EX), 9 species are Extinct in the Wild (EW), 10 species are Regionally Extinct (RE), 614 species are Critically Endangered (CR), 1, 313 speices are Endangered (EN), 1, 952 species are Vulnerable (VU), 2, 818 species are Near Threatened (NT), 24, 243 species are of Least Concern (LC), and 4, 804 species are Data Deficient (DD). The results show that 3, 879 species, representing 10.84% of the evaluated species, have been identified as threatened categories (CR, EN and VU).

The references cited in this paper can be found at the website http://www.biodiversity-science.net/fileup/ PDF/ 2017-144-1.pdf/.

表1-1 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-1 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-2 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-2 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-3 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-3 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-4 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-4 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-5 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-5 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-6 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-6 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-7 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-7 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-8 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-8 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-9 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-9 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-10 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-10 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-11 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-11 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-12 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-12 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-13 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-13 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-14 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-14 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-15 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-15 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-16 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-16 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-17 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-17 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-18 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-18 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-19 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-19 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-20 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-20 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-21 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-21 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-22 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-22 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-23 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-23 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-24 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-24 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-25 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-25 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-26 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-26 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-27 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-27 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-27 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-27 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-28 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-28 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-29 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-29 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-30 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-30 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.
表1-31 中国高等植物受威胁物种名录 表中仅列出受威胁等级为CR、EN和VU的物种, 按苔藓植物、石松类和蕨类植物、裸子植物、被子植物排序, 各类群内按照字母顺序排序。CR: 极危; EN: 濒危; VU: 易危; CR-PE: 极危-可能灭绝; ● 特有种。 Table 1-31 Threatened Species List of China’ s Higher Plants This list only contains threatened categories (CR, EN and VU) species of bryophytes, lycophytes and ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Within each group, the species names are sorted in alphabetical order. CR, Critically Endangered; EN, Endangered; VU, Vulnerable; CR-PE, Critically Endangered-Potential Extinct; ● Endemic species.

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