Biodiversity Science ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (2): 215-223.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.09138

• Original Papers • Previous Article     Next Article

Soil macro-fauna community diversity and its response to seasonal freeze–thaw in the subalpine/alpine forests of western Sichuan

Bo Tan, Fuzhong Wu, Wanqin Yang*, Lei Xia, YulianYang, Ao Wang   

  1. Key Laboratory of Ecological Forestry Engineering, Institute of Ecological Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Sichuan 611130
  • Received:2011-08-15 Revised:2012-01-10 Online:2012-04-09
  • Wanqin Yang

In order to understand the effects of seasonal freeze–thaw on the structure of soil macro-faunal community, we conducted a field experiment in three representative fir (Abies faxoniana) forests at different elevations in the subalpine/alpine forests of western Sichuan. The composition, abundance, and diversity of soil macro-faunal community were investigated in winter (including onset of soil freezing period, soil frozen period, and soil thawing period) and growing season of vegetation from November 2008 to October 2009. A total of 10,763 individuals were collected and, according to preliminary identification, they belonged to 91 families. There were obvious differences in soil macro-faunal community structure between winter and growing season. The dominant groups in winter consisted of Hesperinidae and Sciaridae, while the ordinary groups consisted of Tipulidae, Scydmaenidae and Ceratopogonidae. However, the dominant groups in growing season consisted of Formicidae, Staphylinidae, Hesperinidae and Spirostreptida, and the ordinary groups consisted of Lithobiomorpha, Projapygidae and Muscidae. Moreover, individual density, number of taxonomic groups, and Shannon-Wiener index of soil macro-faunal community tended to decrease and then increase to a distinct peak in the soil thawing period as seasonal freeze–thaw proceeded in winter. In addition, saprozoic species dominated the functional groups in winter, and the proportion of predatory and phytophagous soil macro-faunal species increased in late soil thawing (April 25) and early growing season (May 25). Our results suggest that seasonal freeze–thaw and freezing events significantly influence the structure of soil faunal community, and that changes in the soil faunal community during the transitional period between late soil thawing and the early growing season may have important influences on ecological processes.

Bokhorst S, Huiskes A, Convey P (2008) Climate change effects on soil arthropod communities from the Falkland Islands and the Maritime Antarctic. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 40, 1547–1556.

Briones MJI, Ostle NJ, McNamara NP (2009) Functional shifts of grassland soil communities in response to soil warming. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 41, 315–322.

Campbell JL, Mitchell MJ, Groffman PM, Christenson LM, Hardy JP (2005) Winter in northeastern North America: A critical period for ecological processes. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 3, 314–322.

Chen XN (陈小鸟), You WH (由文辉), Wang XY (王向阳), Yi L (易兰) (2009) Community traits of soil animal under different ground cover treatments in evergreen broad-leaved forest. Biodiversity Science (生物多样性), 17, 160–167. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Darby BJ, Neher DA, Housman DC, Belnap J (2011) Few apparent short-term effects fo elevated soil temperature and increased frequency of summer precipitation on the abundance and taxonomic diversity of desert soil micro- and meso- fauna. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 43, 1474–1481.

Dumana JG, Bennett V, Sformo T, Hochstrasser R, Barnes BM (2004) Antifreeze proteins in Alaskan insects and spiders. Journal of Insect Physiology, 50, 259–266.

Edwards KA, McCulloch J, Kershaw GP (2006) Soil microbial and nutrient dynamics in a wet Arctic sedge meadow in late winter and early spring. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 2843–2851.

Freppaz M, Williams BL, Edwards AC, Zanini E (2007) Simulating soil freeze/thaw cycles typical of winter alpine conditions: Implications for N and P availability. Applied Soil Ecology, 35, 247–255.

Gongalsky KB, Persson T, Pokarzhevskii AD (2008) Effects of soil temperature and moisture on the feeding activity of soil animals as determined by the bait-lamina test. Applied Soil Ecology, 39, 84–90.

He JS (贺金生), Wang ZQ (张政权), Fang JY (方精云) (2004) Issues and prospects of belowground ecology with special reference to global climate change. Chinese Science Bulletin (科学通报), 49, 1223–1233. (in Chinese)

Hentschel K, Borken W, Matzner E (2008) Repeated freeze-thaw events affect leaching losses of nitrogen and dissolved organic matter in a forest soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 171, 699–706.

Herrmann A, Witter E (2002) Sources of C and N contributing to the flush in mineralization upon freeze-thaw cycles in soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 34, 1495–1505.

Huang LR (黄丽蓉), Zhang XP (张雪萍) (2008) Soil animal guilds and ecological distribution in forest ecosystems of the northern Daxinganling Mountains. Chinese Journal of Soil Science (土壤通报), 39, 1017–1022. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Huhta V (2007) The role of soil fauna in ecosystems: A historical review. Pedobiologia, 50, 489–495.

Jones HG (2001) Snow Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Examination of Snow-Covered Ecosystems. Cambridge University Press.

Konestabo HS, Michelsen A, Holmstrup M (2007) Responses of springtail and mite populations to prolonged periods of soil freeze-thaw cycles in a sub-arctic ecosystem. Applied Soil Ecology, 36, 136–146.

Koponena HT, Jaakkolaa T, Keinanen-Toivola MM, Kaipainen S, Tuomainen J, Servomaa K, Martikainen PJ (2006) Microbial communities, biomass, and activities in soils as affected by freeze thaw cycles. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 38, 1861–1871.

Li HX (李鸿兴), Sui JZ (隋敬之), Zhou SX (周士秀), Zhou Q (周勤), Sun XG (孙洪国) (1987) Index of Insect Classification. China Agriculture Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)

Liu Q (刘庆) (2000) Ecological Research on Subalpine Coniferous Forests in China. Sichuan University Press, Chengdu. (in Chinese)

Lu RK (鲁如坤) (1999) Soil and Agro-chemical Analytical Methods. China Agricultural Science and Technology Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)

Matzner E, Borken W (2008) Do freeze-thaw events enhance C and N loss from soils of different ecosystem? A review. European Journal of Soil Science, 59, 274–284.

Olsson PQ, Sturm M, Racine CH, Romanovsky V, Liston GE (2003) Five stages of the Alaskan Arctic Cold Season with Ecosystem Implications. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine research, 35, 74–81.

Sinclaira BJ, Terblanchea JS, Scott MB, Blatch GL, Jaco Klok C, Chown SL (2006) Environmental physiology of three species of collembola at Cape Hallett, North Victoria Land, Antarctica. Journal of Insect Physiology, 52, 29–50.

Sjursen H, Michelsen A, Holmstrup M (2005) Effects of freeze-thaw cycles on microarthropods and nutrient availability in a sub-Arctic soil. Applied Soil Ecology, 28, 79–93.

Swift MJ, Heal OW, Aanderson JM (1979) Decomposition in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford.

Tan B, Wu FZ, Yang WQ, Yu S, Liu L, Wang A (2011) The dynamics pattern of soil carbon and nutrient as soil thawing proceeded in the alpine/subalpine forest. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B–Plant Soil Science, doi: 10. 1080/09064710. 2010.541489.

Tan B (谭波), Wu FZ (吴福忠), Yang WQ (杨万勤), Yu S (余胜), Yang YL (杨玉莲), Wang A (王奥) (2011) Soil hydrolase characteristics in late soil-thawing period in subalpine/alpine forests of west Sichuan. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology (应用生态学报), 22, 1162–1168. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Tan B, Wu FZ, Yang WQ, Liu L, Yu S (2010) Characteristics of soil animal community in the subalpine/alpine forests of western Sichuan at the early stage of freeze-thaw season. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 30, 93–99.

Wang ZZ (王振中), Zhang YM (张友梅), Xing XJ (邢协加) (2002) Effect of change in soil environment on community structure of soil animal. Acta Pedologica Sinica (土壤学报), 39, 892–897. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Wu FZ, Yang WQ, Zhang J, Deng RJ (2010) Litter decomposition in two subalpine forests during the freeze–thaw season. Acta Oecologica, 36, 135–140.

Xia L (夏磊), Wu FZ (吴福忠), Yang WQ (杨万勤) (2011) Contribution of soil fauna to mass loss of Abies faxoniana leaf litter during the freeze-thaw season. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology (植物生态学报), 35, in press. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Xiang CG (向昌国), Li WF (李文芳), Yu DZ (于德珍) (2000) A preliminary study on diversity of soil animal communities in the forest of Bad agong Mountain Nature Reserve. Chinese Biodiversity (生物多样性), 8, 304–306. (in Chinese with English abstract)

Yin WY (尹文英), Hu SH (胡圣豪), Shen YF (沈韫芬) (1998) Pictorial Keys to Soil Animals of China. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)

Yang ZN (杨针娘), Liu XR (刘新仁) (2000) Hydrology in Cold Region of China. Science Press, Beijing. (in Chinese)
No related articles found!
Full text