Biodiv Sci ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (5): 559-571.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2012.13124

Special Issue: 创刊20周年纪念专刊

• Editorial • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Current status and prospects of ex situ cultivation and conservation of plants in China

Hongwen Huang*, Zheng Zhang   

  1. South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650
  • Received:2012-05-30 Revised:2012-08-31 Online:2012-09-20 Published:2012-09-07
  • Contact: Hongwen Huang

Abstract:

This review paper summarizes the history of plant introduction and acclimatization in China, and reviews the current status and progress of plant ex situ conservation. Overall, a total of 23,340 species belonging to 3,633 genera, and 396 families are maintained in botanical gardens, whereas 412,000 accessions of 1,890 crop or crop relatives species are preserved in Chinese national crop germplasm banks and 54,000 accessions of 7,271 wild plants in Chinese germplasm bank of wild species. The paper also discussed problems and challenges in plant ex situ conservation and outlooked further development in future: (1) initiation of “Ex situ Cultivated Flora of China project”; (2) development of integrating research of ex situ and in situ plant conservation; (3) enhancing research in ex situ conservation theory and methodology for  endemic plants of China; (4) facilitating restoration and recovery of rare and endangered plants into wild on basis of ex situ conservation; and (5) strengthening evaluation and utilization of economic important plants.

Key words: Anthoxanthum alpinum, clinal variation, enzyme polymorphism, altitudinal gradient, alpine plant