Biodiversity Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (5): 513-517.doi: 10.17520/biods.2017032

• Original Papers • Previous Article     Next Article

A catalogue of animal type specimens from the Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site, China

Youbing Zhou, Xiaolin Yu, Nan Wu, Guozhen Shen, Gaoming Xiong, Wenting Xu, Dayong Fan, Changming Zhao, Zongqiang Xie*()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093
  • Received:2017-02-09 Accepted:2017-05-03 Online:2017-06-06
  • Xie Zongqiang E-mail:xie@ibcas.ac.cn

Type specimens provide the taxonomic basis for publishing and naming new species, and thus have scientific importance. Mt. Shennongjia is the highest mountain in Central China, and its unique fauna and flora have attracted global attention and interest from naturalists for centuries. Based on historical literature, we provide an updated catalogue of animal type specimens from the Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site, where a total of 275 species of type specimens belonging to 3 phyla, 5 classes, 22 orders, 91 families, and 170 genera have been collected. The first catalogue of type specimens in Shennongjia occurred in 1960, with two subsequent peaks in collection occurring in 1977-1986 and in 2009. The time delay between collection and publication varied from 0 to 34 years, however, most type descriptions were published within 10 years of collection (222, 80.73%). Species were published in 163 scientific papers, mostly authored by domestic scholars (245, 89.09%). These type specimens are currently deposited across 62 institutions and in private collections. Our comprehensive and integrative curation of these animal type specimens meets the requirements of the World Heritage Centre, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, to further improve site management and conservation. Recent publications described several new species, suggesting that the number of species in the Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site may have been underestimated and further surveys should be undertaken in the future.

Key words: type specimens, Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site, new species, holotype, paratypes

Table 1

Composition of animal type specimens in the Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site, China"

分类
Classes
物种数
Number of species
百分比
Percentage (%)
缓步动物门 Tardigrada
真缓步纲 Eutardigrada
近爪目 Parachela 1 0.36
节肢动物门 Arthropoda
少足纲 Pauropoda
四少足目 Tetramerocerata 1 0.36
蛛形纲 Arachnida
真螨目 Acaritiformes 6 2.18
寄螨目 Parasitiforme 13 4.73
蜘蛛目 Araneae 30 10.91
昆虫纲 Insecta
原尾目 Protura 3 1.09
蜻蜓目 Odonata 5 1.82
襀翅目 Plecoptera 4 1.45
直翅目 Orthoptera 12 4.36
虱目 Anoplura 1 0.36
缨翅目 Thysanoptera 2 0.73
同翅目 Homoptera 5 1.82
半翅目 Hemiptera 10 3.64
脉翅目 Neuroptera 12 4.36
鞘翅目 Coleoptera 37 13.45
长翅目 Mecoptera 1 0.36
双翅目 Diptera 82 29.82
蚤目 Siphonaptera 7 2.55
毛翅目 Trichoptera 1 0.36
鳞翅目 Lepidoptera 18 6.55
膜翅目 Hymenoptera 23 8.36
脊索动物门 Chordata
硬骨鱼纲 Osteichthyes
鲇形目 Siluriformes 1 0.36

Fig. 1

Number of animal type specimens collected (dark circles) and published (open circles) in the Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site, China."

Fig. 2

Time interval between collection and publishing of animal type specimens from the Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site, China"

Fig. 3

Number of animal type specimens published in Chinese (dark circles) and western literature (open circles) from the Shennongjia World Natural Heritage Site, China"

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[白明, 崔俊芝, 胡佳耀, 李利珍 (2014) 中国昆虫模式标本名录(第3卷). 中国林业出版社, 北京.]
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