Biodiversity Science ›› 2002, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 318-325.doi: 10.17520/biods.2002044

• 论文 • Previous Article     Next Article

Resources investigation and studies on the wild commercial fungi in Yunnan

WANG Xiang-Hua, LIU Pei-Gui   

  1. Kunming Institute of Botany , Chinese Academy of Sciences , Kunming 650204
  • Received:2002-01-21 Revised:2002-04-26 Online:2002-08-20
  • WANG XiangHua

Yunnan is an area rich in wild commercial fungi resources, namely, fungi sold in markets. Much attention has been paid to fungal resources in the past. However, comprehensive investigation and studies on the resources were wanting. Through investigation, collection and identification of species, the geographical distribution patterns, seasonal changes and ranking based on the trade volume and the economic value of the resources were documented continuously from 1997 to 2001. In total, 207 species (including varieties and forms) belonging to 64 genera are recognized, showing high diversity and high endemicity. Among the species, those of the genera Boletus, Tricholoma, Termitomyces, Thelephora, Russula, Lactarius, and Ramaria are main commercial fungi. Despite artificial selection, commercial fungi show obvious geographical distribution patterns: southern Yunnan is rich in tropical species and northwestern Yunnan is rich in temperate alpine and subalpine species. Central and southwestern Yunnan fungal communities display subtropical and temperate characters. Each area possesses its own typical species and they are related by some transitional ones. We ranked the commercial fungi species in the order of trade volume. Those of grade I and II are the dominant species. Almost 90% of the commercial fungi are edible and about 5% are medicinal, while 7% are poisonous. The economic value of each species is also provided.

No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] Chang Roh-Hwei. A Study on the Chinese Ormosia Jacks. (Cont.)[J]. J Syst Evol, 1984, 22(2): 110 -118 .
[2] Fang Liu,Xiujiang Su,Diqiang Li,Benzhong Wang,Ziliang Zhang. Using camera trap to investigate animal diversity in Hunan Gaowangjie National Nature Reserve[J]. Biodiv Sci, 2014, 22(6): 779 -784 .
[3] WU Zheng-Yi. My long-lasting and highly-cherished friendship with Dr. S. Y. Hu[J]. J Syst Evol, 2005, 43(5): 392 -397 .
[4] Yan Gao, Hong-Wei Yu, Wei-Ming He. Soil space and nutrients differentially promote the growth and competitive advantages of two invasive plants[J]. J Plant Ecol, 2014, 7(4): 396 -402 .
[5] YE Zi-Piao, YU Qiang. MECHANISM MODEL OF STOMATAL CONDUCTANCE[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2009, 33(4): 772 -782 .
[6] Chun Woon-Young. New Species of Machilus from South China[J]. J Syst Evol, 1952, 2(3): 163 -171 .
[7] WU Ya-Cong, LI Zheng-Cai, CHENG Cai-Fang, LIU Rong-Jie, WANG Bin, and GERI Le-Tu. Effects of understory removal on forest carbon storage in Cinnamomum camphora plantation ecosystem[J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 2013, 37(2): 142 -149 .
[8] . [J]. Chin J Plan Ecolo, 1963, (1): 110 -130 .
[9] . [J]. Chin Bull Bot, 2003, 20(04): 509 .
[10] ZHU Yu-Ping, ZHANG Zhi-Yun. Stachyurus himalaicus ssp.purpureus,a new subspecies of Stachyuraceae from eastern Himalaya[J]. J Syst Evol, 2004, 42(5): 460 -463 .