生物多样性 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (3): 383-388.DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1003.2013.06023

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REDD+议题的谈判进展与展望

雪明1, 武曙红2,*(), 安丽丹1,3, 徐基良2,*()   

  1. 1 北京林业大学经济管理学院, 北京 100083
    2 北京林业大学自然保护区学院, 北京 100083
    3 国家林业局野生动植物保护与自然保护区管理司, 北京 100714
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-28 接受日期:2013-04-16 出版日期:2013-05-20 发布日期:2013-06-05
  • 通讯作者: 武曙红,徐基良
  • 基金资助:
    环境保护部环境保护对外合作中心《生物多样性公约》履约项目

The evolution and outlook of REDD-plus negotiation

Ming Xue1, Shuhong Wu2,*(), Lidan An1,3, Jiliang Xu2,*()   

  1. 1 School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    2 College of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083
    3 Department of Wild Fauna and Flora Conservation and Nature Reserve Management, State Forestry Administration, Beijing 100714
  • Received:2013-01-28 Accepted:2013-04-16 Online:2013-05-20 Published:2013-06-05
  • Contact: Wu Shuhong,Xu Jiliang

摘要:

通过对《联合国气候变化框架公约》和《生物多样性公约》历次缔约方会议中REDD+议题谈判的跟踪, 分析了自制定“巴厘路线图”以来, REDD+议题谈判的焦点、取得的进展、各缔约方的主要分歧以及未来的谈判趋势, 提出了我国参与REDD+议题谈判和履行相关国际公约的对策。历经5年的谈判, 各缔约方目前在REDD+行动的激励机制、技术方法的优先顺序及实施规模方面已基本达成共识, 谈判的焦点和分歧主要集中在REDD+的资金分配机制、森林参考排放水平、REDD+行动效果的可测量性、可报告性和可核实性, 以及REDD+行动的保障措施等方面, REDD+行动非碳效益的激励机制及核查方法将成为REDD+议题未来谈判的新焦点。我国应对国际公约REDD+行动要求的战略计划时, 应充分考虑REDD+在气候、生物多样性及社区方面的多重效益, 并从能力建设、示范活动及效果的监测核查体系等方面分阶段实施。

关键词: REDD+, 谈判, 应对策略, 中国

Abstract:

Based on the development of the negotiations on REDD-plus in Conferences of the Parties of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate (UNFCCC) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), we analyzed the status of REDD-plus negotiations since the formulation of Bali Road Map in 2007. We examined the progress, the divergences of the Parties, future trends, some countermeasures for future negotiations on REDD-plus and the implementation of relevant international conventions for China. Our results indicate that all Parties from UNFCCC and CBD have reached a consensus on the priorities of incentive measures and technologies and methodologies, and the implementation level in relation to REDD-plus, and that REDD-plus should be implemented at the national level rather than at subnational levels. Consensus between Parties have not yet been reached on the financial mechanism, the forest reference emission level, the implementation of REDD-plus safeguard and whether the results based REDD-plus activities be measurable, reportable and verifiable at international/national level. Negotiations on REDD-plus in the future will focus on the issues of incentive measures and verification methodologies in relation to non-carbon benefits resulting from the implementation of REDD-plus activities. As a result, we recommend that multiple benefits to climate, biodiversity and community should be considered when national strategy plans for REDD-plus are formulated in China, and that the implementation of REDD-plus activities in China should be engaged in three phases, i.e. capacity building, demonstration activities and monitoring.

Key words: REDD-plus, negotiation, strategy, China